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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Nov 2019 [EN/AR]


Shelling and airstrikes gradually increased during the month of November 2019, focusing on Kafr Nobol, Ehsem, Tamanaah, Heish and Ma’arrat An Nu’man sub-districts in southern Idleb governorate and on Jisr-ash-Shugur district in western Idleb governorate. Increasing intensity of hostilities were reported in south-east Ma’arrat An Nu’man, a major population center in southern Idleb. An estimated population of 163,800 people were present in the area  Ma’arrat An Nu’man and surrounding areas.
Throughout November, IED and landmine explosions continued to be prolific, killing tens of civilians and injuring tens more in Aleppo, Idleb and Hama governorates. In November, some 63,000 individuals from Idleb governorate and some 8,600 individuals from Aleppo governorate were displaced, while some 1,860 IDPs arrived to Aleppo governorate from Ar-Raqqa and Al-Hasakeh governorates. This includes secondary displacements, as many civilians were displaced multiple times within the same area.
In Idleb governorate, heavy rainfall and flooding blocked roads and caused material damage to IDP camps, including to tents. This also caused schools in the IDP camps to be suspended, while in some parts of Idleb governorate schooling was suspended due to hostilities, including in Ma’arrat An Nu’man, Ariha, Jisr-ash-Shugur and Kafr Owied. Airstrikes reportedly damaged several schools, hospitals and bakeries in Idleb governorate, negatively impacting tens of thousands of civilians who rely on their services. Some 70,000 students were reportedly affected by the suspension of education activities across Idleb governorate.


People reached numbers reported are for November-2019 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster Since the beginning of the year (January - November 2019),  Early Recovery partners reached 1,207,310 direct beneficiaries in 71 sub-districts and 245 communities.  In particular, 1,026,473 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 38,552 from short-term work opportunities created, and 34,040 from entrepreneurial activities.  The remaining ER activities mainly focused on the removal of debris and waste activities for 30,712 direct beneficiaries,  vocational and skills training activities from which 29,184 directly benefitted, on basic housing repair support for 9,085, on market-based modalities assistance to vulnerable HHs to the benefit of 8,693 people and on the support provided to rural enterprises and entrepreneurs for 7,805 people.

FSL Cluster In November 2019, a total of 1,235,700 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 104,344 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 45,019 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 969,622 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.
FSL Cluster reached  478,055 beneficiaries with agriculture and livelihoods from January to November 2019.

Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenances/ cleanings of communal sewages, constructions or rehabilitations of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school level.

Nutrition cluster supported and provided Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) E messages by outreach workers, Breast Milk Substitutes (BMS) support and re-lactation support for 0-6 month old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient . Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) treatment, moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) treatment, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women received vitamin A; Pregnant and lactating women (PLW) reached with MAM treatment, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV SC provided case management and PSS to GBV survivors, organized psychosocial recreational and skills building activities for women and girls accessing safe spaces and continued investing in the capacity building of GBV organizations to enhance the quality of services. For this month, the GBV SC kicked off its Capacity Building Taskforce (CBTF) and continued the rollout of the GBV Awareness Raising Toolkit

CCCM cluster tracked 110,114 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 580,343 IDPs in November 2019.

Health cluster reached 812,817 outpatient consultations; 10,519 people with referrals; supported 15,031 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 5,937 people with mental health consultations in November 2019.



Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
31 Янв 2019
Map/Infographic Type: 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2020