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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Jan 2021 [EN]


In the month of January, shelling continued to impact communities in northwest Syria at a daily rate, mainly concentrated on frontline areas. Civilian casualties continued to be reported due to shelling and explosive hazards, including an increased number of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) compared to previous weeks, centered around busy public spaces.
From mid to late January, floods and heavy rains affected many IDP sites across northwest Syria, which destroyed and damaged tents and caused access issues. More than 141,000 people were affected, and more than 25,000 tents damaged or destroyed. Unsafe sources of heating and cooking have also continued to cause fire incidents in IDP sites. Use of unsafe heating and cooking sources are also partly driven by the deteriorating economic situation as the Syrian Pound devalued by some 6 per cent in January and reached its weakest point since June 2020, making it even harder for people to meet basic needs. The total number of confirmed new COVID-19 cases decreased by some 80 per cent in the month of January compared to December, with the total number of associated deaths increasing by some 7 per cent.  The Bab-Al Hawa border crossing continued to be closed to individual crossings every weekend in January in connection with the weekend lockdowns implemented across Turkey due to COVID-19 restrictions; humanitarian and commercial crossings continued unimpeded. 
As of January, more than 2.7 million people were displaced in northwest Syria, of whom some 1.6 million live in IDP camps. HNAP reports that some 20,647 displacements were recorded in January, primarily from the Dana, A’zaz, Salqin, Aghtrin, Ariha and Maaret Tamsrin subdistricts, while the Maaret Tamsrin, Bulbul and A'zaz sub-districts received most new arrivals. Some 2,877 displaced people reportedly returned to their place of origin in northwest Syria in January, primarily to Ehsem in Idleb governorate, followed by Sarmin and Jisr-Ash-Shugur.


People reached numbers reported are for Jan-2021 only.

Education Cluster: provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January  2021),  37 Early Recovery partners reached 20,083 direct beneficiaries in 33 subdistricts and 83 communities. In particular, 13,316 directly benefitted from short-term work opportunities provided, 2,351  benefited from the vocational and skills trainings and 1,735 benefitted from the support provided to rural enterprises and entrepreneurs. The remaing ER activities mainly focused on basic housing repair support from which 1,500  benefited  in 300 households and entrepreneurship suppor from which 1,156  directly benefitted.    20,438 m3 solid and waste removed while 30 schools were provided light rehabilitation support.

FSL Cluster: In January 2021, a total of 1,835,326 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 252,226 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 409,867 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 2,351,031 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.

Shelter Cluster: provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI Cluster: provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH Cluster: reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenance/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition Cluster: In Jan 2021, 32 Nutrition Cluster partners provided life-saving nutrition services covering 272 communities in 35 sub-districts. The delivery platforms were both static sites and 126 Rapid Response Teams (RRTs). Those reached included: treatment of 679 cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), 1,190 cases of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children 6-59 months, and 968 cases of acutely malnourished pregnant and lactating women (PLW); 32,519 children 6-35 months received lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for prevention of chronic and acute malnutrition; 57,625 mothers and caregivers were reached with messages and counselling on appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF-E).

Protection Cluster: provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV Sub-Cluster: During the month of January, the GBV SC Coordination Team had two induction meetings with the new assigned GenCap advisor to support her in developing the gender roadmap and handover of the gender focal points network coordination. 
The GBV SC Coordination Team started the discussions that aim to inform the development of the GBV SC annual workplan for 2021. Two consultations with the capacity building taskforce members in both Aleppo and Idleb were conducted and one more consultation will take place during the GBV SC monthly meeting in February.
GBV Information Management System (GBVIMS)+/Primero was officially launched in northwest Syria earlier in January 2021 with 6 member organizations granted access to the system. A meeting to discuss initial feedback and troubleshooting has taken place. 
The Cash and GBV taskforce is currently engaged in developing SOPs for cash and voucher assistance (CVA) referral system in support of GBV case management. The work of the taskforce was recently featured in a global case study by the Grand Bargain sub-workstream on cash and gender.
GBV SC Coordination Team finalized and shared the updated referral pathways based on the information of the 4th quarter of 2020 with members.

CP Sub-Cluster: This reporting period has been characterized by persistence of child protection concerns in North West, aggravated by COVID19 pandemic and its global crisis. Despite limitations in an increasingly restrictive operational environment, child protection partners delivered, while incorporating where possible COVID prevention messages and messages on childcare in times of isolation and unpredictability.  Therefore, partners have continued providing child protection case management services, parenting programmes, PSS group activities and child protection recreational activities, in addition to child protection- related training, through online platforms.

CCCM Cluster: tracked 22,940 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 1,229,111 IDPs in Jan 2021.

Health Cluster: reached 817,712 outpatient consultations; 16,806 people with referrals; supported 13,588 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 11,262 people with mental health consultations in Jan 2021.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
01 Апр 2021
Map/Infographic Type: 
Syrian Arab Republic
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021