Humanitarianresponse Logo

Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Dec 2020 [EN]


Shelling in northwest Syria in December continued at lower levels than observed in November, still concentrated on areas around the M4 and M5 highways. Sporadic airstrikes were also recorded, mainly in Kabani in northern Lattakia governorate, while civilian casualties continued to be reported across the northwest due to shelling and explosive hazards including improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and landmines.
The arrival of winter saw an increase in incidents of fires affecting IDP sites, as the colder weather induced many people to turn to unsafe fuels for heating and cooking. Reliance on unsafe fuels is partly driven by the continued deterioration of the economic situation, with the Syrian Pound reaching some 5 percent lower in December than at its weakest point in November. People living in IDP sites were also affected by flooding brought on by heavy rains, which destroyed and damaged tents and caused access issues. The number of COVID-19 associated deaths more than doubled in December, while total COVID-19 cases increased by some 24 percent. From 5 December, the Bab Al-Hawa border crossing was closed to individual crossings every weekend; humanitarian and commercial crossings continued unimpeded. 
As of December, 2.7 million people were displaced in northwest Syria, of whom some 1.6 million live in IDP sites. and In December 2020, the humanitarian community reported movements of some 43,000 IDPs across Syria, similar to numbers tracked in November.. At the sub-district level, departures principally took place from Afrin in northern Aleppo governorate followed by Idleb, Ariha and Dana in Idleb governorate, while Afrin, Sharan and Raju sub-districts in northern Aleppo governorate received most new arrivals. Some 3,479 displaced people reportedly returned to their place of origin in northwest Syria this month, primarily to Mhambal in Idleb governorate, followed by Afrin and Raju.


People reached numbers reported are for Dec-2020 only.

Education Cluster: provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January to December 2020),  Early Recovery partners reached 2,185,533 direct beneficiaries in 51 subdistricts and 177 communities.
In particular, 1,972,151 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 116,729 from short-term work opportunities provided and 38,385  benefitted from the vocational and skills training. The remaining ER activities mainly focused on entrepreneurship support from which 16,187 benefitted, Basic housing repair support from which 14,865  directly benefitted and regular employment accessed for 8,875 direct beneficiaries, 7,680 benefitted from support provided to civic engagement initiatives.  211,877 HHs benefitted from the rehabilitation of basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 49,249 m3 solid and waste removed while 80 local public service providers were provided capacity and equipment support.

FSL Cluster: In December 2020, a total of 1,852,907 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 297,065 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 833,171 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 2,255,831 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.

Shelter Cluster: provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI Cluster: provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH Cluster: reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenance/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition Cluster: In Dec 2020, 30 Nutrition Cluster partners provided life-saving nutrition services covering 259 communities in 36 sub-districts. The delivery platforms were both static sites and 169 Rapid Response Teams (RRTs). Those reached included: treatment of 772 cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), 2,128 cases of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children 6-59 months, and 2,184 cases of acutely malnourished pregnant and lactating women (PLW); 25,708 children 6-35 months received lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for prevention of chronic and acute malnutrition; 55,455 mothers and caregivers were reached with messages and counselling on appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF-E).

Protection Cluster: provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV Sub-Cluster: During the month of December, the GBV SC Coordination Team continued contributing to the Humanitarian Programme Cycle (HPC) for 2021 by presenting the initial findings of the HNO 2021 during the GBV SC meeting and in a specific workshop conducted by the Protection Cluster for the same purpose. 
GBV SC continued to supervise and conduct activities to recognize the 16 days of activism campaign for 2020. Two joint workshops with the members of the Reproductive Health Technical Working Group (RHTWG) members were conducted in Idleb (20 participants 16 female, 4 male from 15 organizations) and Afrin (12 participants 9 female, 3 male from 7 organizations) on the 9-10th of December 2020 to llok to the achievements, challenges and best practices from the joint collaboration during 2020 specially looking to the consequences of COVID-19 on the access to RH services. 
The GBV SC Coordination Team continued the close work with the Education Cluster through the Education and GBV risk mitigation taskforce and with the Cash Working Group (CWG) through the GBV and Cash Taskforce. On the Education and GBV risk mitigation, taskforce a closure workshop was conducted with participation of both Education Cluster and GBV SC members and facilitated by the members of the taskforce. The workshop focused on GBV risk mitigation tools and best practices and also on improving referrals.

CP Sub-Cluster: This reporting period has been characterized by persistence of child protection concerns in North West, aggravated by COVID19 pandemic and its global crisis. Despite limitations in an increasingly restrictive operational environment, child protection partners delivered, while incorporating where possible COVID prevention messages and messages on childcare in times of isolation and unpredictability.  Therefore, partners have continued providing child protection case management services, parenting programmes, PSS group activities and child protection recreational activities, in addition to child protection- related training, through online platforms.

CCCM Cluster: tracked 32,539 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 1,556,987 IDPs in Dec 2020.

Health Cluster: reached 878,739 outpatient consultations; 16,013 people with referrals; supported 19,954 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 11,555 people with mental health consultations in Dec 2020.


Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
17 Мар 2021
Map/Infographic Type: 
Syrian Arab Republic
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021