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PMTF Rapid protection monitoring report - Movement: Arsal, Lebanon to Idleb and Aleppo - August 2017


This report is based on data gathered between 8 and 11 August 2017. KI interviews were conducted by four members of the Protection Cluster, and 16 focus group discussions (FGDs) and 31 household-level interviews were conducted by one member of the Protection Cluster in Afes, Dana, and Darkosh sub-districts of Idleb.
The KI interviews took place in 7 communities in Idleb governorate (76%) and 2 communities in Aleppo governorate (24%). Cluster members interviewed 207 KIs, 125 (60%) were male and 82 (40%) were female. 15 KIs (7%) identified as having a disability.
178 (86%) KIs self-identified as civilian. 27 (13%) self identified as combatant and 2 (1%) did not answer. Information about association of civilians with armed groups cannot be verified.
135 (65%) of KIs self-identified as unemployed. 42 (20%) self-identified as a skilled professional and 20 (10%) selfidentified as other. 6 KIs identified as humanitarian workers,
3 KIs identified as government employees and 1 KI identified as a Local Council member. Among those with the occupation of “other” were housewives, day laborers, a police officer, a driver, a farmer and students.
According to the Protection Cluster member who conducted the FGDs and interviews, organizations responding to arrivals in Idleb noted around 100 individuals with injuries that predated the movement. Humanitarian organizations provided wheelchairs for those with mobility issues.

Key findings: 

• 72% of Key Informants (KIs) cited general insecurity as the primary reason for leaving Arsal city and Wadi Hmeid region. 10% cited the lack of distinction between civilians and combatants in Arsal by the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF).
• 54% of KIs stated that individuals leaving Arsal did not receive information about their final destination before departure, while 46% did. Data indicates that while Syrians in Arsal were given the option to leave or stay, those who decided to leave did not have any influence or choice regarding the destination.
• 21% of KIs reported that some people did not leave Arsal due to various security concerns, including fear of arbitrary arrest during the journey by Hezbollah or upon entry to Syria by the Syrian Armed Forces (SAF).
• Long waits at checkpoints was the most-cited problem during the journey. Many older persons, persons with disabilities, and those fearing retaliation were unable to board the buses. 82% of KIs were able to leave with their documents. The entire journey from Arsal to Idleb took almost two days to complete.
• KIs expressed concern about the future situation in Idleb and fear of harm by various groups involved in the conflict. However, KIs also expressed relief to be distanced from the pressures and security risks in Arsal.
• 69% of KIs had no plans for onward movement, while 31% planned to move elsewhere in Syria, including to Idleb city, Aqareb, Ariha, Jarablus, Sarmada, Al Bara, Maaret Al Numan and Rural Aleppo, or to Turkey. Many other KIs wished to move to any safe location.
• KIs primarily cited the below protection risks as affecting the following groups in their current locations:
o Men – unemployment, lack of basic services, physical threats.
o Women – lack of privacy, risk of sexual assault and harassment, inadequate medical care.
o Boys – lack of education, physical threats, lack of health care, risk of exploitation, risk of recruitment.
o Girls – lack of education, lack of health care, risk of early marriage, risk of exploitation, risk of sexual harassment and assault.
• KIs identified the following needs at their present locations in Idleb and Aleppo: cash assistance, food baskets, cooking kits, baby formula, NFIs, hygiene kits, shelter, and mattresses. KIs hoped to receive assistance in establishing safe and secure housing, access to work and health care, and assistance for onward movement.

Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
с 08 Авг 2017 по 11 Авг 2017
Report completed
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021