Humanitarianresponse Logo

Kenya: Crop, Livestock and Fisheries High Rainfall Areas Assessment 2012 (KFSSG)


The high rainfall areas are the grain basket of the country and contribute more than 80% of the food requirement in the country. A comprehensive food situation assessment covering crops, livestock and fisheries sectors was carried out. the objective of the assessment amongst others was to carry out the following:
- Assess the status of food situation with regard to production of major crops (Maize, Beans, and Irish Potatoes), Livestock (milk, poultry, feeds) and Fisheries; Food quality; Storage facilities at HH Level;
- Assess the seed and fertilizers situation at during planting period 2011.
- Assess the maize stocks currently held by HH, NCPBs, millers and Traders and make the projection for the next 9 months.
- Analyze the challenges facing food production in the high and medium rainfall areas across the sectors.
- Analyze the current food prices and trends.


The assessment teams reviewed existing literature and carried out briefing kits prepared in advance for the purpose of evaluating the food situation in the regions. Secondary data was corroborated with key informant interviews, transect drives for observation. The interviews were guided by a check list prepared for each sector. The check list were sent to the field and filled in advance.

The teams met the Provincial heads of departments namely the Provincial Director of Agriculture, Livestock Production and Fisheries for discussions and review of production data presented by the counties. Each province submitted the 2012 production statistics and was compared with the previous years and where possible 5 year data was analyzed for establishing trends and identifying gaps.

Each assessment team then visited 6 counties to triangulate the information through discussions with the district technical SMSs and also through visits to the farmers fields and institutions including the markets. Upon completion of the field exercise a 5 day report writing workshop was held to finalize the outcome of the assessment and is thus presented in this report in 5 clusters; Western , Nyanza, North Rift, South Rift and Central.

Key findings: 

The high and medium rainfall areas of Kenya are the high producers of both grain and livestock products. The area carries approximately 80 percent of the total Kenyan population. The assessment on the 2012 impact of rains on food production indicates that in general the 5 cluster areas are stable and projected to remain food up to the next harvest. Production of key commodities was reported to be good except for the areas which were affected by the Maize Lethal Necrotic Disease in South rift and parts of Nyanza.. Dairy production was better than 2011 when milk shortage was experienced countrywide. This has been reflected in the fairly stable milk prices currently being enjoyed. In general the high and medium potential areas have the following positive aspects;
(i) The maize production harvested from the 2012 long rains is approximately 34 million bags from the Long Rains harvest and it is estimated that the short rains will produce 6.0 million bags.
(ii) Milk production has improved in rift valley and central provinces and the producer price is relatively higher compared to the previous year.
(iii) Fish production from the ESP programme has improved supply of fish by 40% from the additional ponds established from the proceeds of the programme.
(iv) Other food sources in the region has been substantially expanded mainly, sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes, millet, sorghum, cassava, bananas and traditional vegetables.

However the key issues affecting food production in the region include:
(i) High cost of land preparation due to increased cost of fuel.
(ii) High cost of inputs and late supply of seed varieties at the time of planting which resulted into late planting.
(iii) The Maize Lethal Necrotic Disease in parts of South Rift, Nyanza and North Rift, though to a less extent in the long rains but was significant serious for the second season crop.
(iv) Unavailability of clean planting materials for Irish potatoes in the north rift and in central.
(v) Fertilizer use is below the recommended rates among most of the small scale farmers leading to reduced productivity per unit area.
(vi) High cost of food commodities despite the harvesting that is ongoing.
(vii) Competition for land for food production in Western and Nyanza regions due to expansion of cane production.
(viii) High cost of feeds in livestock production.
(ix) Supply of fingerlings for fish production in aquaculture continues to be a major setback for fish farmers.

Sample size: 
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Not Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
31 Дек 2012

Level of Representation

District / Province / Locality / County
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Collection Method(s): 
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Kenya Food Security Steering Group
Participating Organization(s): 
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Other location: