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Cameroun : Matrice de suivi du déplacement (DTM) dans l'Extrême-Nord, Round 5, oct. 2016

Subject/Objective: 

Since 2014, Cameroon has felt the effects of the insurgency of the Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA, formerly known as Boko Haram). The increase of violent attacks in Nigeria, Cameroon and neighbouring countries has led to the displacement of populations away from areas of conflict and violence.
The International Organization for Migration set up and rolled out the first round of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in November 2015 with the objective of providing regular, accurate and updated information on displaced populations within the Far North region of Cameroon to better support the response of the Government of Cameroon and the humanitarian community. The Cameroon DTM can be compared with the Nigeria DTM for an understanding of displacement within the regional context.
The data collected between September 19th and October 10th 2016, and presented in this fifth report, includes information on number of displaced persons, period of displacement, reason for displacement, type of accommodation and household information, and demographic data on displaced populations. This report includes data collected through evaluations conducted in 06 departments, 37 arrondissements and 543 villages of the Far North region.

Methodology: 

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix aims to collect data on displaced populations within the Far North region of Cameroon. Data is collected through key informants directly in the areas hosting displaced persons, as well as displaced households, and is verified with other key source such as local and international NGOs and local authorities.
Data collectors are trained in DTM methodology before being deployed to collect data. Following the end of the data collection, the data is verified with local authorities, regional authorities and other key sources.
A department baseline assessment is carried out in each department of the Far North region. All departments in the region are visited to ensure thorough understanding of the regional context. The assessment is carried out with key informants ranging from local government authorities, traditional leaders and NGO staff. The purpose of the Department level assessment is to define the overall number of displaced persons within the department and to identify which arrondissements are hosting displaced population and therefore require further assessment.
An arrondissement baseline assessment is carried out in each arrondissement identified as hosting displaced populations. This assessment is also completed with key informants and is supported by location visits to verify the location of displaced individuals.
A village baseline assessment is carried out in each village identified as hosting displaced population. The objective of this lower level evaluation is to get a precise picture of the movements and the different categories of displaced population.
In addition, demographic data is gathered directly from sample households to create a demographic profile through household level assessments.
To capture the complexity of the Cameroonian context, the DTM collects data on 3 types of population.
• Internally Displaced Persons.
• Unregistered Refugees: DTM Cameroon defines an unregistered refugee as a national of a country other than Cameroon (mainly Nigeria) who have found shelter in Cameroon but resides outside of Minawao camp and has not been registered.
• Returnees: DTM Cameroon defines a returnee as a person or group of persons who previously experienced forced displacement but have since returned to their place of origin.

Key findings: 

HIGHLIGHTS
Population identified by the DTM in October 2016 in the Far North region of Cameroon:
•198,889 Internally Displaced Persons (35,630 households)
•26,743 Unregistered Refugees (5,070 households)
•36,068 Returnees (6,946 households)

92% of the displaced population was displaced by the insurgency and 8% by flooding and other natural disasters.
An estimated 45% of the current population was displaced in 2016 (January to October 2016). The remaining percentage is broken down as followed: 28% in 2015, 22% in 2014 and 5% before 2014.
An estimated 72% of the displaced household population lives in host communities while 15% live in rented housing, 9% in spontaneous settlements, 2% in collective centers, and 2% in open-air spaces.

Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
с 19 Сен 2016 по 10 Окт 2016
Frequency: 
Quarterly
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Individuals
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
Displaced population
Host communities
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
International Organization for Migration
Location(s): 
Extrême-Nord