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WASH ASSESSMENT REPORT LATRINE FACILITIES KUTUPALONG AND BALUKHALI MAKESHIFTS & SPONTANEOUS SETTLEMENTS

Subject/Objective: 
The violence in Myanmar's Rakhine State which began on 25 August 2017 has caused a massive influx of civilians fleeing to neighbouring Cox’s Bazar Region of Bangladesh. The initial response focused on emergency WASH facilities including latrines. After the initial response phase, the need for a deeper understanding of the functionality status of the latrines emerged. This report presents results from the assessment carried out by IOM WASH section for latrine facilities existing within 5 zones (Balukhali MS, Kutupalong MS, Zone BB, Zone LL, Zone SS) in Kutupalong & Balukhali makeshifts and spontaneous settlements in Ukhia Upazila of Cox’s Bazar District.
Methodology: 
Following is a brief overview of the methodology used: Assessment: ▪ Designed on Kobo Platform1 and conducted through smartphones/tablets; ▪ 15 enumerators from IOM and its partners were trained and conducted direct assessment in the field; ▪ The assessment targeted full coverage of facilities existing within the zone. Analysis: ▪ Spatial and photo analysis used for data verification; ▪ REACH assessment data (Oct-Nov 2017) used to compare and ensure the consistency of data collected
Key findings: 
Considering the results obtained, the following are the main conclusions: ▪ 38% of latrines to be decommissioned (34% of them immediately and 66% once they’ll become full) is identified as the high priority task to undertake, action for which should be taken carefully as it can cause significant gap (specially in Balukhali MS, Zone BB & LL) and also considering the fact that majority of these latrines are currently in use. ▪ Specific focus for desludging should be given in Zone BB, where the quantity of “full pit” latrines is 42%, significantly higher compared to other areas. Reason for that could earlier construction of the latrines. ▪ Zone wise need/gap analysis should be produced, combining the quantity of latrines currently in use and those that will be will be desludged and excluding the quantity to be decommissioned.
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
с 11 Дек 2017 по 15 Дек 2017
Status: 
Report completed
Collection Method(s): 
Observation
Population Type(s): 
Refugees
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
International Organization for Migration
Location(s): 
Ukhia
Theme(s): 
Field coordination
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Bangladesh: Rohingya Refugee Crisis 2017-2019