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MIRA Manual

• The Multi-Cluster/Sector Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) is designed to identify strategic humanitarian priorities during the first weeks following an emergency.
• The main benefit of the MIRA is the elaboration, from the onset of the crisis, of a concerted operational picture based on the best information available from primary and secondary sources.
• This picture is expressed through two key products: a Preliminary Scenario Definition, issued 72 hours after the disaster’s onset, and a MIRA Report, released after 2 weeks.
• It is consistent with the IASC Operational Guidance for Coordinated Assessments in Humanitarian Crises, which calls for the implementation of a joint assessment during the first two phases of an emergency and, thereafter, for the coordination of in-depth agency and cluster assessments.
• The MIRA is the first step in the humanitarian country team’s response to an emergency. Based on its findings, humanitarian actors can develop a joint strategic plan, mobilize resources and monitor the situation and the response. However, the MIRA should not be expected to provide detailed information for the design of localized response projects.
Available in Arabic, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
NB. A revised verison of this Guidance was published in July 2015 - please see below under Related Content. 
Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Inter-Agency Standing Committee
Original Publication Date: 
31 Mar 2012
Document type: 
Standard Operating Procedures
Needs Assessment