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2014 YHRP mid-year monitoring

Summary gender sensitive indicators

Yemen currently ranks last in the Gender Gap Index[1] and the Gender Inequality Index[2]. In various domains such as education, livelihood opportunities, protection and political representation indicators display severe disparities between men and women. Concretely, in the humanitarian context, direct access to all groups of the population as recipients is a major challenge. Even if humanitarian stakeholders have established mechanisms to overcome the difficulties on the ground, a number of obstacles remain in order to reach out to women, boys and girls and ensure they are the final beneficiaries of humanitarian interventions.

Aware of this critical situation, the Yemen HCT and OCHA have committed to take concrete steps towards ensuring gender equality throughout the humanitarian response, with the objective to make sure that women, girls, boys and men of all ages and backgrounds have access to humanitarian assistance and protection that cater to their distinct needs and experiences.

A Strategic Objective has been included in the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (YHRP) “Ensure meaningful participation and equitable access to services, resources, and protection measures for women, girls, boys, and men”, including 6 indicators. In addition, other Strategic Objectives or Cluster Hight priority activities also includes some gender sensitive indicators. This document presents the achievements made in all these idicators in the first half of the year, and provides some suggestions to the clusters to improve when needed. In the annex these indicators are more detailed.

[1] Gender-Gap Index: see World Economic Forum, Gender Gap Index 2014.

[2] Gender Inequality Index: see UNDP Human Development Report 2014.

Strategic objective n.5

Strategic Objective 5 promotes gender equality across the humanitarian response, ensuring that women, girls, boys and men of all ages and backgrounds have access to assistance and protection they need. All clusters, with the exception of Logistic Cluster, are accountable to this objective.

Achievements

Progress on this Strategic Objective has been encouraging, as partners have worked hard to incorporate gender and age analysis into their planning and implementation.

All the HPC phases have deeply taken into consideration the gender dimension. In fact, the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Gender Reference Group has designated the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan as a best practice in terms of integrating gender concerns across the strategy. Gender Marker rates among YHRP projects uploaded to the Online Project System (OPS) are the highest across all 2014 strategic response plans: 83 per cent of projects were rated as “gender mainstreamed” (code 2a) or “gender-targeted” (code 2b).

Partners have also worked to ensure that workshops, consultations, training and other forums include participation and perspectives of women, girls, boys and men. Of all indicators, only one is slightly off track: ensuring female participation in assessments. However, the rate at mid-year came very close to the overall target, and this objective is achievable by year end.

Partners have also made considerable strides in data: of 11 clusters and sub-clusters, 10 are collecting sex- and age-disaggregated data (SADD). A common reporting tool (the “Single Reporting Format”) has been elaborated including the number of women, men, boys and girls reached by each cluster.

Indicator Baseline and target Mid-year result

Gender inequality and the status of women and girls, as well as men and boys, are considered throughout the HPC

Baseline: NO

Target: YES

YES

All cluster partners workshops, consultations, and strategic forums safely ensure the engagement and participation of women and girls

Baseline: NO

Target: YES

YES

Assessments conducted by cluster partners have female assessors, and participation of females from the affected populations

Baseline: n/a

Target: 90%

86%

Clusters have an access and participation plan to ensure accountability to all affected populations, that includes women, girls, boys and men of different ages, physical ability, tribal and geographical background

Baseline: none

Target: All clusters

No Data

Data collected for humanitarian activities at cluster level are disaggregated by sex and age. (further disaggregation by disability, diversity, ethnicity as appropriate)

Baseline: n/a

Target: 90%

92%

2015 SRP projects identify and address the different needs of women, girls, boys and men

Baseline: n/a

Target: 0% projects coded 0

Target: 75% 2a+2b projects [3]

 

1% coded 0

83% coded 2a and 2b

[3] ISAC Gender Marker (GM): Code 2A: gender mainstreaming. Potential to contribute significantly to gender equality. Code 2B: targeted action. Project's principal purpose is to advance gender equality. Code 1: Potential lto contribute in some limited way to gender equality. Code 0: no visible potential to contribute to gender equality.

Recommendations

In the following months the HCT, the Intercluster Mechanisim and the clusters are adiviced to:

  • Maintain the strong senior management engagement to ensure gender equality continues to be prioritized at strategical and operational level.
  • Ensure the strategic efforts are reflected in operational activities, by a strong follow up of the 83% projects coded 2a or 2b en the IASC gender markers.
  • Maintain a good gender mainstreaming score on the next project proposals (OPS, ERF, and CERF).
  • Continue the systematic collection of sex and age disaggregated data, and enhance efforts regarding their analysis to ensure numbers lead to policy and programming.
  • Create the conditions to include female staff in the assessment teams and ensure men, women, boys and girls from the affected population are consulted.
  • Diversify and increase gender expertise inside the clusters and in the HCT
  • Enhance the visibility of GBV needs and mainstream GBV prevention and response (including PSEA[4]), throughout clusters and humanitarian interventions. Reporting mechanisms need to be reinforced.

[4] Prevention from Sexual Expliotation and Abuse by UN and related personel

Cluster Performance

Beside being accountable to the strategic objective n. 5 indicators, each cluster has also been accountable for specific sectoral gender sensitive indicators. In this mid-year review each cluster has selected some indicators to report on. The rest of the indicators will be monitored at the end of the year.

Food Security and Agriculture

Achievements

Recommendations

67% of the projects uploaded in the OPS during the first 6 months of the year are gender mainstreamed (code 2a GM).

Enhance the ratio of gender mainstreamed projects (code 2a GM) among the projects approved by the cluster (OPS, ERF, CERF).

100% of the cluster partners workshops, consultations, and strategic forums ensure the engagement and participation of women and girls.

Enhance gender sensitive needs assessments, promoting the inclusion of female staff in the assessment teams and ensuring men and women of different ages are consulted.

75% of the assessments conducted by cluster partners have female assessors, and consult females from the affected populations.

Enhance sex and age disaggregated data  collection, reporting and use for programming purposes.
75% of data collected for humanitarian activities at cluster level is disaggregated by sex and age.  

 

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Achievements

Recommendations

65% of the projects uploaded in the OPS during the first 6 months of the year are gender mainstreamed (code 2a GM).

Enhance the ratio of gender mainstreamed projects (code 2a GM) among the projects approuved by the cluster (OPS, ERF, CERF).

100% of the cluster partners workshops, consultations, and strategic forums safely ensure the engagement and participation of women and girls.

Enhance sex and age disaggregated data  collection, reporting and use for programming purposes. 

100% of the assessments conducted by cluster partners have female assessors, and participation of females from the affected populations.

Promote equitable access to WASH services for men, women, boys and girls by implementing the five WASH Minimum Commitments for the Safety and Dignity of Affected Populations”.

90% of data collected for humanitarian activities at cluster level is disaggregated by sex and age, but disaggregated data is not used in strategic documents as HNO or YHRP.  

 

Health

Achievements

Recommendations

Boys and girls have an equitable access to health facilities (each one represent the 24% of the consultations through the eDEWS programme). Women more than 15 years old have benefit from more consultations (33% of the total), reflecting the higher health response to maternal health. Men represent the 22%of the consultations.

Some indicators related to the morbidity of diarrhea and peumonica were supposed to be disaggregated related, but the national collection system did not allow the disaggregation. These indicator need to be reviewed, or the disaggregated data need to be collected by other systems.

89% of the projects uploaded in the OPS during the first 6 months of the year are gender mainstreamed (78% code 2a GM) or are addressing a specific gender gap (11% code 2b GM)

Undertake deeper analysis on the number of consultations disaagregated by gender and age in conflict affected areas, to track if any group face more difficulties to access health facilities. 

100% of the cluster partners workshops, consultations, and strategic forums safely ensure the engagement and participation of women and girls. 

 

At least 90% of the assessments conducted by cluster partners have female assessors, and participation of females from the affected populations

 
Disaggregated data is collected and used in strategic documents as HNO and SRP  

 

Nutrition

Achievements Recommendations

 

91% of the projects uploaded in the OPS during the first 6 months of the year are gender mainstreamed (code 2a GM).

SAM and MAM rates in Yemen indicates that boys are more affected. However, the nutrition cluster’s indicators show that girls have benefited more from the interventions (52-54% depending on the treatment). Cluster partners need to do a deeper analysis and address this inequity.

100% of the cluster partners workshops, consultations, and strategic forums safely ensure the engagement and participation of women and girls. Cluster partners ensure male and female health staff are trained to better respond to nutrition cases. 41% of the total people trained are female staff. 

97% of the community volunteers trained on infant and young child feeding good practices are female, in coherence with the cluster strategy that targets mothers/care takers for the education and councelling activities. However, men are often the decision makers in the family, including the decision about the budget allocated to food and about the preferred food consumed in the household. Cluster partners are encouraged to target men in the awareness raising and education activities, and consequently, train male volunteers.  

100% of the assessments conducted by cluster partners have female assessors, and participation of females from the affected populations

 
80% of data is collected, analyzed and disseminated accurately and timely.  

 

Shelter/NFI

Achievements Recommendations

100 % of the projects uploaded in the OPS during the first 6 months of the year are gender mainstreamed (code 2a GM).

 

Strengthen female participation in the capacity building activities. 

100% of the cluster partners workshops, consultations, and strategic forums safely ensure the engagement and participation of women and girls. But 70% of the participants to the CCCM trainings are male staff among local authorities, local communities and cluster members.

Enhance sex and age disaggregated data  reporting and use for programming purposes.

100% of the assessments conducted by cluster partners have female assessors, and participation of females from the affected populations.

 
100% data collected for humanitarian activities at cluster level is disaggregated by sex and age, but disaggregated data is not used in strategic documents as HNO or YHRP.  

 

Protection

Achievements Recommendations

 

88% of the projects uploaded in the OPS during the first 6 months of the year are gender mainstreamed (72% code 2a GM) or address a specific gender gap (16% code 2b GM).

Enhance sex and aged disaggregated data collection, analysis, reporting and use for programming purposes. The cluster has not provided disaggregate data of the indicator “# of vulnerable individuals (sex disaggregated), including children, identified and assisted with protection services (psychosocial support/violence prevention, legal aid and counseling, etc.)”

100% of the cluster partners workshops, consultations, and strategic forums ensure the engagement and participation of women and girls. 

30 per cent of participants in community-based committees are women, members of marginalized groups or youth. Undertake steps to ensure that this participation is meaningful, i.e., that these participants express their opinions, that these opinions are heard and included in decision making. 

At least 30% of the participants in the community-based protection networks, the camp management committees and other influential for a are women, marginalized group and youth.

 

90% of the assessments conducted by cluster partners have female assessors, and participation of females from the affected populations

 

90% of data collected for humanitarian activities at cluster level is disaggregated by sex and age, but disaggregated data is not used in strategic documents as HNO or YHRP.

 
The 20% targeted reported cases of human rights violations (including child) have been addressed and responded to in a gender sensitive manner. This has been achieved by ensuring violations are responded to equally, irrespective of the gender of the victim; by ensuring the confidentiality of cases and by ensuring support provided to victims addresses the different gender needs.   

 

Child protection

Achievements Recommendations

Boys/girls and men/women have benefited in an equitable way from the life saving mine risk education (MRE) activities (Children: 41% girls and 59% boys. Adults: 40% women and 60% men). However boys who are much more vulnerable to injury/death (77% of child mine and UXO incidents) are not receiving MRE in proportion. However, reaching a higher rate of female adults/parents is highly justified in terms of the indirect effect on boys.

Enhance sex and age disaggregated data use in strategic documents for programming purposes.

78 staff (35% male and 65 % female) from various governmental organisations have been trained in MRE. More stress is put in female MRE training, to compensate their underrepresentation among MRE educators.

 
Boys and girls benefit in an equitable way from the Psychosocial Support Services (PSS) through Child Friendly Spaces (CFS) or group or individual counselling sessions, (45% were girls and 56% boys).   

 Sex and aged disaggregated data is collected at cluster level, but it’s not used in strategic documents as HNO or YHRP.

 

 

GBV

Achievements Recommendations

Estimated 5.250 cases received referral and response services through 13 referral mechanisms in the first half of the year. Services include health, clinical management of rape, psychosocial support, legal redress and safe shelter, as well as livelihood activities for survivors. 

Adopt specific actions to meet the critical needs of men and boys.

Partners receive very minor numbers of GBV male cases (estimated 1% men and 3% boys of total GBV reported cases) – where survivors are not willing to file their case. In such circumstances, it is very hard to grasp the needs of males when it comes to GBV.

Enhance the analysis of GBV related data. The cluster has not provided accurate data on the number of cases reported throught the referral mechanisims during the period January to June 2014. Data needs to be sex and age disaggregated and used for programming purposes.
Partners raised awareness on GBV prevention and response in the first half of the year, including periodic workshops on reintegration of GBV survivors and training for 640 service  providers and health workers (39% male). Men are getting more involved in GBV prevention and response.  

 

Multi-Sector for Refugees and Migrants

Achievements Recommendations

88% of the projects uploaded in the OPS during the first 6 months of the year are gender mainstreamed (code 2a GM).

 

100% of data collected for humanitarian activities at cluster level is disaggregated by sex and age, and disaggregated data is used in strategic documents as HNO or YHRP.

 

Boy migrants benefit in proportion more from the health assistance than the rest of the groups (boys represent 3% of the total migrants, but 5% of the health beneficiaries). Unaccompanied minors – mostly boys – are prirotized for all interventions, inluding access to health assistance. 

 

Female migrants benefit in proportion less from the access to safe and clean water and from the access to emergency latrines facilities than the rest of the groups  (women and girls represent 5% of the total migrants, but 3% of the safe and clean water beneficiaries). But women and girls are frequently referred to safe accommodation, including WASH facilities. Males are the main targets for the emergency water and latrines.

 

Women, boys and girls migrants have benefit in proportion more from the shelter materials and NFI kits (the ratio % total migrants / % shelter and NFI beneficiaries are: women 3/10, girls 2/4 and boys 3/7). These groups are the main targets, especially women and girls, who are provided with dignity kits that include culturally adapted clothes and female hygiene items. 

 
Boys benefit in proportion more from voluntary return assistance. They represent 30% of voluntary returns, even thought they are the 17% of total registered African migrants. Unnaccompanied minors, mostly boys, are prioritized for voluntary return assistance.   

 

Education

Achievements Recommendations

83 % of the projects uploaded in the OPS during the first 6 months of the year are  gender mainstreamed (code 2a GM).

Enhance gender sensitive needs assessments, promoting the inclusion of female staff in the assessment teams and ensuring men and women of different ages are consulted.

100% of the rehabilitated latrines in mixed schools are separated for boys and girls.

Enhance sex and aged disaggregated data analysis and reporting. The cluster has not provided disaggregate data of the indicator “# of children (sex disaggregated) with access to safe and child-friendly schools”.

In Yemen, the level of girls’ out-of-school rate is much higher than boys’. They are 63% of the out-of-school children. Responding to this specific gap the education clusters partners make efforts to promote girl’s enrollement: 83 % of the out-of-school children enrolled in the first 6 months are girls. 

 

100% of the cluster partners workshops, consultations, and strategic forums safely ensure the engagement and participation of women and girls.

 

40% of the assessments conducted by cluster partners have female assessors, and participation of females from the affected populations.

 
90% of data collected for humanitarian activities at cluster level is disaggregated by sex and age, and disaggregated data is used in strategic documents as HNO or YHRP.  

 

Early Recovery

Achievements Recommendations

96% of the projects uploaded in the OPS during the first 6 months of the year are gender mainstreamed (87% code 2a GM) or address a specific gender gap (9% code 2b GM).

Enhance sex and aged disaggregated data analysis, reporting and use in strategic documents for programming purposes.

100% of the cluster partners workshops, consultations, and strategic forums ensure the engagement and participation of women and girls. 41% of the national NGOs staff trained on defined capacity-building modules are women.

 

100% of the assessments conducted by cluster partners have female assessors, and participation of females from the affected populations.

 
100% of data collected for humanitarian activities at cluster level is disaggregated by sex and age, but disaggregated data is not used in strategic documents as HNO or YHRP.