Syria remains a complex humanitarian and protection emergency characterized by over 10 years of ongoing hostilities and their long-term consequences including widespread destruction of civilian infrastructure, economic collapse, explosive ordnance contamination and the largest number of internally displaced people in the world.
More recently, the accelerating economic deterioration and COVID-19 have become additional key drivers of needs, compounding vulnerabilities even further.
Eleven years of crisis have inflicted immense suffering on the civilian population, who have been subject to massive and systematic violations of international humanitarian and human rights law. Access to basic services, including water, electricity and healthcare is increasingly limited, further reducing the resilience of the population.
In 2022, 14.6 million people need humanitarian assistance, an increase of 1.2 million from 2021.