IRNA Report - Maiwut
IRNA Report - Maiwut
To assess the humanitarian needs of the returning population through covering health (WHO), WASH (UNICEF), education (ADRA), shelter & NFIs (WV), protection (UNHCR) and FSL (FAO/ WFP).
The methodology included household surveys, focus group discussions, key informant interviews (with community members, health, WASH and education officials, and other local authorities). The mission was support by OCHA from Juba; and by ADRA and ROSS colleagues on the ground in Maiwut. Locations covered by the team included former Maiwut Payam, Turu payam and Pagak (Merdiet/ Pinythorp) payam. Jekow was covered by a separate mission. Populations in Jetome had seasonally migrated to the River Baro and were assessed by the Jekow team. Populations in Ulang had migrated to the River Kurjekow (Machar Marshes) and could not be assessed in the time available.
Population movement: % piling exercise suggested that approximately 78% of residents fled directly to Ethiopia via Pagak bridge (mainly women, elderly and children) and 22% of residents mainly men with livestock moved south to Jekow and the River Baro toic. People began returning as early as February 2018; though numbers increased after the peace agreement of September 2018 and have continued to date. As of March 2019 it is estimated by ROSS that 58% of the population have returned mainly to their original homes, from Ethiopia and a further 22% from Jekow.
Safety and Security: Overall security situation in the areas Pagak town (GoSS controlled area) and rest of the former Maiwut County (IO Controlled areas) remained calm, with no security incident reported in the areas since revitalized Peace agreement was signed in September 2018. Government forces were observed in and around Pagak town and they are limited to the town location, whereas IO forces were present throughout IO controlled areas in Maiwut County. Presence of soldiers in and around those locations provide a sense of safety and security to the population in the respective locations.
Shelter/ Non-Food Items (NFI)
Findings: Over the past 12 months returnees have cleared land collected grasses, cut poles and reconstructed homes and facilities (reconstruction & re-settlement actively on-going). In all the locations visited household NFIs were looted during the conflict as the IDPs and the returnees are sharing only few of their NFIs they brought with them and most of them are not in good condition. The 2017 conflict in the area ravaged infrastructures and homes in many communities. Most of the shelters visited were totally damaged/ not usable and most NFIs were looted during the conflict.
Water findings: Maiwut has over 43 boreholes and 4 water yards of which only 19 bore holes are functional with the rest broken (24)down and in need of rehabilitation. All 4 water yards are functional but there is need to increase the solar panels to increase productivity. Hand pumps are distributed throughout Maiwut but there are some areas with no boreholes at all: Merdiet, Meth, Pinthor and Magri. There are pockets of households still depending on unprotected hand dug wells and water ponds which are very dirty and are potential causes of water related diseases.
Health Findings: There are 5 health partners operating in the area: Nile Hope (NNGO) – primary health care, RI (INGO) – primary health care, Nutritional services, NIDO (NNGO) – primary health care, UNKEA (NNGO) Primary health care and ICRC (INGO) – Primary health care. There are 16 functional and 6 non-functional health facilities. Of the 16 functional health facilities 8 are funded by World Bank while 1 is supported by ICRC and the other 1 funded by RI. All functional facilities only provide PHCU Packages: AWD, Malaria, eye infection, skin diseases SGBV cases.
Findings: Maiwut county has total of 47 schools (46 primary schools and one secondary school). As a result of the 2017 conflict in the area, only 14 schools are currently functional (all primary) with support solely from NGOs. A lot of children have been isolated from education services and thus have to walk long distances in search of these few functional schools. The functional schools are not operating normally mainly because of inadequacy in scholastic materials and limited access to food and water for learners. Most schools had poor daily attendance and often closed early because of absence of food and water. The 2017 conflict in the area ravaged infrastructures in many schools. Classrooms in 9 schools were totally damaged/ not usable. Damage to ceilings, doors, windows and roofs were also done to 3 schools having permanent structures. Only one school had access to clean water, none of the schools had hand washing facility and only 12 schools had latrines.
Food Security & livelihoods
Findings: The household diet lacks diversity 62% of HHs surveyed score low, equivalent to IPC 4 ‘emergency’ or higher. Many livestock were lost, stolen or died resulting in smaller herds and less animals available to exchange for grain. There was minimal harvest in 2018 so cereals largely came from the ICRC distributions (October 4,000 HHs and February 5,100 HHs with a further distribution planned in April for 5,100 HHs). An abnormal use of wild foods is being practiced both in terms of quantity and type suggesting a harsh hunger period. When available, small quantities of fish and bush meat are consumed plus milk especially for those in the cattle camps. Before the crisis in Turu about 30% of HHs did not have livestock and now this is around 60%. Many animals were stolen by soldiers and also in Ethiopia, some were just lost amidst the chaos; and many died from livestock diseases (mixing of herds compounded by lack of shelter in the rain season when usually animals are housed in their luaks).