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Rapid Nutrition Assessment - Observations Guide, GRIN-LAC 2018

WHAT?

The present document is an observation guide that anyone can use to evaluate, through observations, key aspects related to the food and nutrition situation of displaced populations in shelters or other places that are at high risk of undernutrition in emergencies: Children under 6 months, children 6-24 months, pregnant and lactating women (including adolescents).

This rapid assessment does not require any medical or nutrition training, or observation of breastfeeding. The module comprises 6 key aspects that will permit to obtain the following information:

1. Presence of vulnerable groups at risk of undernutrition

2. Elements related to breastfeeding and use of breast milk substitutes

3. Elements related to complementary feeding (feeding children older than 6 months with foods other than breastmilk)

4. Elements related to nutrition of pregnant and lactating women

5. Situation related to water, sanitation and hygiene

6. Nutrition and health conditions

 

WHY?

Aspects included in this guide are meant to provide some indications the food and nutrition situation in the shelter and identify risks that may lead to undernutrition. Observations of these points should be conducted at the early stages of a humanitarian crisis to assess acute needs and difficulties that expose children at greatest risk to inform strategic decisions and an adequate nutrition response.

 

HOW?

Any government entity, NGO, UN agency or other who would like or is responsible to assess the food and nutrition of vulnerable groups in humanitarian crises can use this observation guide. Being an observation guide, the user will be able to assess if some aspects or conditions affecting food and nutrition are present or not, and will be able to write additional notes based on the particular situation he/she is experiencing to provide additional information on the situation. It is suggested that the observation guide is reviewed, adapted to the local language and tested to ensure understandability of questions. Community workers or personnel who will administer the adapted questionnaire should be trained on its use. Guidance on how to interpret the data collected can be found in annex. It is encouraged to use this information in writing the report on the nutrition situation and suggesting actions to address main risks. It is also suggested to triangulate the information collected through observations with other sources of information, such as interviews with personnel working with vulnerable populations (e.g. shelter managers/workers, and mothers/families).

Operation(s)/Espace(s) web: 
Organisation(s): 
Group for Nutrition Resilience (Latin America and Caribbean)
Cluster(s)/Secteur(s): 
Date de publication initiale: 
28 nov 2018
Type de document: 
Document Technique
Thème(s): 
Alimentation du Nourrisson et du Jeune Enfant