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Urban Poverty Report: A Study of Poverty, Food Insecurity and Resilience in Afghan Cities


The objectives of the study are three-fold:
Building Knowledge: The research provides evidence-based analysis on the levels of food security, vulnerability and resilience of the Afghan urban population. In particular, it compares migration groups (host community, Internally Displaced persons (IDPs), returnees and economic migrant), across the five major Afghan cities – Kabul, Herat, Jalalabad, Mazar-e- Sharif and Kandahar – and across gender.
Informing Programming: The study provides actionable recommendations for PIN and DRC to develop their urban programming. In particular, both organisations plan on developing urban livelihood projects, including urban agriculture projects, and will use recommendations to inform targeting and implementation for pilot programmes in Mazar-e-Sharif, Herat and Jalalabad.
Advocacy: This research unlocks solutions to the challenges of urban poverty. It provides evidence and recommendations for national and international actors on the strategic and programmatic adjustments needed to better apprehend urban poverty and food in-security.


This research was designed to provide representative data of both the urban population of the five main Afghan cities and the main migration groups living in these cities. Based on a series of quantitative and qualitative tools, the methodology offers opportunities to triangulate information through a household survey, a community survey and qualitative data. Quantitative tools were designed using standard indicators in use in the country to create a robust index of urban resilience.These key variables were combined to create a resilience score based on cut-off points adapted to the Afghan context.

Principales constatations: 

This urban poverty study shows alarmingly high levels of poverty and food insecurity and low levels of resilience in the main Afghan cities.
The urban poor are the first impacted by the slowdown of the Afghan economy and the political turmoil linked to the presidential elections and are now in distress.

Taille de l’échantillon : 
5,411 households (respondants); 149 communities; 45 focus group discussions; 28 case studies; 42 key informant interviews
Rapport d'évaluation: 
Publicly Available
Questionnaire d'évaluation: 
Publicly Available
Données d'évaluation: 
Publicly Available
Date(s) de l'évaluation: 
01 mai 2014 - 27 nov 2014

Niveau de représentation

État de l'évaluation: 
Report completed
Unité de Mesure: 
Méthode de collecte: 
Structured Interview
Key Informant Interview
Focus group discussion
Type de population: 
Déplacés internes
Communautés hôtes
Agence(s) chef de file: 
Danish Refugee Council
People in Need
Samuel Hall
Autres lieux: 
Kabul, Mazar-e-Sharif, Jalalabad, Herat, Kandahar
Plan de Contingence
Déplacés Internes (IDPs)
Kabul Informal Settlement
Evaluation des Besoins