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Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) 2018

The key objective of EFSA 2018 is to estimate the drought affected population in need of humanitarian support in order to inform emergency response by various clusters. The other objectives are  Assess the food security and livelihood situation of rural populations, especially those affected by drought.  Determine the profile of the food insecure and drought affected population to inform programme design.  Provide provincial level information to guide response planning by the various clusters.
The Household questionnaire collected information on household demographics, including disability, as well as on shelter, water and sanitation. There were also modules on asset ownership, livelihoods, debt, agriculture and livestock, household expenditure, household food consumption and sources, shocks and coping and household priorities. The EFSA 2018 sampling was done by the National Statistics and Information Agency (NSIA), using an updated sampling frame and focusing only on rural communities. Sampling for household survey: EFSA 2018 covered all 34 provinces (excluding urban areas) with a two-stage stratification. The samples were drawn from the CSO update sampling frame with following steps.  Equal allocation of 32 enumeration areas (communities/villages) in all provinces.  Probability Proportion to Size (PPS) method is applied for selection of 32 communities in each province. A geographic coordinate through Global Positioning System (GPS) are tagged to the communities.  From each enumeration area 15 households are selected that gives 480 Household (HH) per province. Household selection is based on systematic random sampling by field staff after preparation of household list within selected communities  A province remains as a stratum, all 34 provinces are included in the survey adding up to 34 strata. From each stratum selection of 480 households provides a total sample size of 16,320 households.  Finally, 16,013 households could be interviewed in 34 provinces.
Résultats Principaux: 
Reduced employment opportunities was mentioned most often by households in Khost (76 percent), followed by those in Laghman (60 percent) and Panjsher (58 percent). Conflict was a major reason for rural households in Helmand (48 percent) and Logar (26 percent). Reduction in income due to drought was mentioned by 98 percent of the households in Badghis, followed by 93 percent in Sar-e-Pul, 89 percent in Ghor and 88 percent in Daykundi. The EFSA findings show that on average, rural households in Afghanistan own or have access to around 7 jeribs of irrigated and rainfed land. However, about half of these households own or have access to only 3 Jeribs of irrigated land and 1 Jerib of rainfed land or less. Access to land does not confirm cultivation of land. Due to prolonged conflicts and unstable precipitation, there has often been a shortfall in irrigated land cultivation
Taille de l’échantillon : 
16,000 HHs
Rapport d’évaluation : 
Publicly Available
Questionnaire d'évaluation: 
Publicly Available
Données d'évaluation: 
Publicly Available
01 aoû 2018 - 30 sep 2018

Level of Representation

Report completed
Unité de Mesure: 
Méthode de collecte: 
Field Interview
Type de population: 
Toutes les populations affectées
Agence chef de file: 
Programme Alimentaire Mondial
Organisations participantes: 
Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture
Afghanistan: Drought - 2018-2019