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Thematic Assessment of Local Enterprises and Labour Markets in Eastern Ukraine - March 2017

Metodología: 

The assessment adopted a mixed-methodology approach to collect qualitative and quantitative data: household surveys of the working-age population, local enterprise surveys, Key Informant interviews (KIIs) with labour centres and universities, and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with representatives of the working-age population. REACH felt this methodology would develop the broadest possible picture of eastern Ukraine’s economic situation, contextualising primary statistical data through qualitative information and triangulating findings through an extensive secondary data review.

Before primary data collection began, REACH conducted a secondary data review to identify information gaps and contextualise the data collected throughout the assessment. Primary data collection was conducted in December 2016 using a mixed-methods approach. For primary data collection at the individual and business survey level, the confidence interval and margin of error for statistical significance was 90% and 7%.

Resultados principales: 

Key findings from the assessment included:
a. Businesses are suffering from disrupted trade relationships and a lack of demand for products. Since the conflict began, 70% of assessed businesses have reported decreasing revenues, and workforces have shrunk in 24% of surveyed enterprises.
b. Conflict has had a negative impact on employment security as almost one-fifth of active households lost employment since the conflict began. Additionally, 57% of households surveyed had difficulties meeting their essential needs. The impact of conflict on individuals’ employment varied between the oblasts, with Luhansk and Donetsk most impacted at the individual level.
c. Businesses assessed identified a skills gap that makes recruitment difficult. There is a lack of skills development because vocational training centres are not operating at pre-conflict levels, and access to university education is difficult for some students.
d. Access to credit for businesses in the eastern oblasts is low, with few banks willing to loan and interest rates consequently high. In addition, there is little foreign investment in the area. Facilities and production technologies are outdated and require significant investment to remain competitive.

Informe de evaluación: 
Publicly Available
Cuestionario de evaluación: 
Available on Request
Datos de evaluación: 
Available on Request
Sitio(s): 
Fecha(s) de la evaluación: 
De 01 Mar 2017 hasta 31 Mar 2017
Estado de la evaluación: 
Report completed
Unidad de medida: 
Households
Método de recolección: 
Mixed
Tipos de poblaciones: 
Todas las poblaciones afectadas
Organización(es) líder(es): 
REACH Initiative
Organización(es) participante(s): 
Food Security Cluster - Ukraine
Programa Mundial de Alimentos
People in Need
Danish Refugee Council
Organización Internacional para las Migraciones
Oficina de Coordinación de Asuntos Humanitarios de las Naciones Unidas
Mercy Corps
Ubicación(es): 
Dnipropetrovska Oblast
Donetska Oblast
Luhanska Oblast
Kharkivska Oblast
Otras ubicaciónes: 
Zaporizhia