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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Feb 2021 [EN]


In February, daily shelling in northwest Syria continued to impact communities and cause civilian casualties, mostly concentrated on areas around frontlines. Further casualties were also reported from incidents caused by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and explosive remnants of war (ERW), including the death of one humanitarian worker and the injury of another as a result of a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED).
The value of the Syrian Pound (SYP) deteriorated significantly in February, reaching historical lows that were some 20 percent weaker than the month prior. The devaluation of the SYP continues to increase the prices of goods and services, while many commodities such as fuel, bread, transport, electricity and telecommunications services are commonly priced in Turkish Lira (TRY), making it difficult for people without access to TRY to buy these commodities. The dire economic situation continued to impact households as they struggled to meet their basic needs. The number of confirmed new COVID-19 cases continued to decline in February, with the number of associated deaths increasing by some 2 per cent.  The Bab-Al Hawa border crossing continued to be closed to individual crossings every weekend in February as a result of the COVID-19 related weekend lockdowns implemented across Turkey; humanitarian and commercial crossings continued unimpeded. 
As of February, more than 2.7 million people were displaced in northwest Syria, of whom some 1.6 million live in IDP camps. HNAP reports that some 15,339 displacements were recorded in February, primarily from the Dana, Salqin, Maaret Tamsrin, Ariha and Idleb subdistricts, while the Bulbul, Maaret Tamsrin, and Dana sub-districts received most new arrivals. Some 1,545 displaced people reportedly returned to their place of origin in northwest Syria in February, primarily to Ehsem in Idleb governorate, followed by Ziyara and Jisr-Ash-Shugur.


People reached numbers reported are for Feb-2021 only.

Education Cluster: provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January 2021), 48 Early Recovery partners reached 66,876 direct beneficiaries in 42 subdistricts and 123 communities. In particular, 34,227 directly benefitted from short-term work opportunities provided, 15,226 benefitted from the entrepreneurship support provided and 5,343 benefitted from the vocational and skills training provided. The remaining ERL activities mainly focused on rehabilitation of access to basic utilities from which 5,200 benefitted in 1,020 households and basic housing repair support from which 3,600 directly benefitted.

FSL Cluster: In February 2021, a total of 1,893,540 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 326,040 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 432,213 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 2,111,707 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.

Shelter Cluster: provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI Cluster: provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH Cluster: reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenance/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition Cluster: In Feb 2021, 31 Nutrition Cluster partners provided life-saving nutrition services covering 223 communities in 34 sub-districts. The delivery platforms were both static sites and 105 Rapid Response Teams (RRTs). Those reached included: treatment of 575 cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), 1,179 cases of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children 6-59 months, and 1,373 cases of acutely malnourished pregnant and lactating women (PLW); 22,361 children 6-35 months received lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for prevention of chronic and acute malnutrition; 54,674 mothers and caregivers were reached with messages and counselling on appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF-E).

Protection Cluster: provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV Sub-Cluster: the GBV SC Coordination Team finalized the GBV SC Annual Workplan and the Half-Annual GBV SC Capacity-Building workplan for the year 2021. Both workplans were shared with the GBV SC members and added to the GBV SC welcoming/orientation package. GBV SC Coordination Team also finalized the GBV SC Awareness Raising Toolkit review and update and shared it with the GBV SC members for their feedback and endorsement. A workshop was also conducted in Idleb to discuss the changes and collect feedback from field supervisors. On the cash and GBV Taskforce, the first draft of the joint SOPs has been shared with the task force members, and a joint effort to map the risks of GBV in the provision of cash and vouchers assistant was discussed during the monthly meeting of the task force.

CP Sub-Cluster: This reporting period has been characterized by persistence of child protection concerns in North West, aggravated by COVID19 pandemic and its global crisis. Despite limitations in an increasingly restrictive operational environment, child protection partners delivered, while incorporating where possible COVID prevention messages and messages on childcare in times of isolation and unpredictability.  Therefore, partners have continued providing child protection case management services, parenting programmes, PSS group activities and child protection recreational activities, in addition to child protection- related training, through online platforms.

CCCM Cluster: tracked 18,623 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 1,208,996 IDPs in Feb 2021.

Health Cluster: reached 846,812 outpatient consultations; 17,390 people with referrals; supported 19,064 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 13,858 people with mental health consultations in Feb 2021.


Operacione(s) / Espacio(s) web: 
Oficina de Coordinación de Asuntos Humanitarios de las Naciones Unidas
Fecha de publicación original: 
12 Mayo 2021
Tipo de mapa / infografía: 
Syrian Arab Republic
Gestión de información
Centros de coordinación: 
Desastre(s) / Emergencia(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021