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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Nov 2020 [EN]


Daily shelling continued in frontline areas, with sporadic airstrikes. Two humanitarian workers were reportedly killed alongside numerous civilian casualties as a result of these hostilities. Explosive hazards persisted, with areas in northern Aleppo governorate including Al Bab and Afrin particularly affected this month. Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) were commonly detonated in populated areas, resulting in high civilian casualties in several incidents.
COVID-19 cases confirmed in northwest Syria nearly tripled in November, while the number of COVID-19 associated deaths nearly quadrupled. Measures intended to limit the spread of the virus were extended, including the cancellation of markets, gathering restrictions and suspension of in-person schooling in both the Idleb area and northern Aleppo. The impact of this on access to goods and services was compounded by devaluation of the Syrian Pound, which in the latter half of the month reached its weakest point since recovering from record lows in mid-June. Weather conditions worsened the humanitarian situation, with heavy rains during the month causing damage in numerous IDP sites, damaging tents and inducing flooding, in turn resulting in access issues.
Fewer displacements were recorded in northwest Syria in November than in recent months, with 29,785 displacements reported by the CCCM Cluster. Most people departed from Ariha, Ehsem and Idleb sub-districts in Idleb governorate, while Dana and Salqin sub-districts in Idleb governorate and A’zaz sub-district in northern Aleppo governorate received the most new arrivals. Furthermore, HNAP reports that some 4,800 people returned to their homes or previous places of displacement in November, mostly to areas around the M4 and M5 highway.


People reached numbers reported are for Nov-2020 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January to November 2020),  Early Recovery partners reached 2,178,435 direct beneficiaries in 51 subdistricts and 152 communities.
In particular, 1,991,735 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 109,239 from short-term work opportunities provided and 36,632 benefitted from the vocational and skills training.
The remaining ER activities mainly focused on entrepreneurship support from which 10,547 benefitted, Basic housing repair support from which 13,165  directly benefitted, and regular employment accessed for 8,650 direct beneficiaries, 4,410 benefitted from support provided to rural enterprises and entrepreneurs.  169,879 HHs benefitted from the rehabilitation of basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 29,301 m3 solid and waste removed while 76 local public service providers were provided capacity and equipment support. 

FSL Cluster: In November 2020, a total of 1,775,039 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 172,735 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 652,838 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 2,326,616 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution
FSL Cluster reached from January to November 2020 1,303,628 beneficiaries with agriculture and livelihoods.

Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenance/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition cluster: In Nov 2020, 24 Nutrition Cluster partners provided life-saving nutrition services covering 262 communities in 34 sub-districts. The delivery platforms were both static sites and 169 Rapid Response Teams (RRTs). Those reached included: treatment of 973 cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), 2,585 cases of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children 6-59 months, and 5,271 cases of acutely malnourished pregnant and lactating women (PLW); 43,091 children 6-35 months received lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for prevention of chronic and acute malnutrition; 5,311 mothers and care givers were reached with messages and counselling on appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF-E).

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.
During the month of November, the GBV SC Coordination Team participated in the Protection Cluster and Sub Clusters Strategic and Technical Review for the 2020 second standard allocation of the SCHF. A workshop was conducted online with members to clarify the allocation paper. A total of 6 proposals were submitted to the PC, 5 of them with GBV component and a total of 4 projects were recommended to the DRHC and technical comments were provided to the relevant organizations.

GBV SC: On the HPC for 2021, the GBV SC Coordination Team reviewed the first draft of the 2021 Voices from Syria report. Initial GBV HNO findings will be shared with GBV SC Members in the GBV SC meeting of December.
Regular calls continued with the PSEA network to enhance coordination and discuss cross cutting issues and data collection process. An agreement was reached to conduct an ad doc session for PSEA network members on GBV Basics and Referrals later in December. The GBV SC coordination team provided support to the network in the finalization of their incident recorder form.
On GBVIMS+/Primero, A user testing session was organized with the 6 rollout agencies ahead of the official launch of the system expected by mid-December. 

CP SC: This reporting period has been characterized by persistence of child protection concerns in North West, aggravated by COVID19 pandemic and its global crisis. Despite limitations in an increasingly restrictive operational environment, child protection partners delivered, while incorporating where possible COVID prevention messages and messages on childcare in times of isolation and unpredictability.  Therefore, partners have continued providing child protection case management services, parenting programmes, PSS group activities and child protection recreational activities, in addition to child protection- related training, through online platforms.

CCCM cluster tracked 29,785 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 1,430,498 IDPs in Nov 2020.

Health cluster reached 734,655 outpatient consultations; 12,842 people with referrals; supported 18,156 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 11,943 people with mental health consultations in Nov 2020.

Operacione(s) / Espacio(s) web: 
Oficina de Coordinación de Asuntos Humanitarios de las Naciones Unidas
Fecha de publicación original: 
31 Dic 2020
Tipo de mapa / infografía: 
Syrian Arab Republic
Gestión de información
Centros de coordinación: 
Desastre(s) / Emergencia(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021