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Haiti: Multi-sector Assessment Report - Hurricane Matthew Sud Department, 24 October 2016

Tema/Objetivo: 

Shelter, food, health, WASH and protection

Metodología: 

Rapid assessments were carried out in nine communes to assess the general needs in terms of Shelter, Non-food Items, Water, Sanitation, Food, Health, Protection, and Logistics based on the Kobo questionnaire established prior to the emergency by OCHA and Acted. The questionnaire was used with key informants (88) as well as in small focus groups (over 150 participants) in some areas. This questionnaire was input into Open Data Kit format and hand-held tablets were utilised by different teams to carry out key informant interviews. Data was sent to a Medair-housed aggregate server and analysed using excel and Qlik. Top Priorities noted below are entirely based on key informants’ perceptions and not based on direct observations by the assessment teams.
In-depth assessments were carried out in Shelter and WASH by Medair technical experts supported by the headquarter-based global technical advisor team. Shelter assessments were carried out in all nine communes. WASH assessments were focused on Tiburon due to acute vulnerability and desire to focus in Medair’s recovery programming.

Resultados principales: 

Overview of Assessment Findings and Recommendations
Following Hurricane Matthew, a multi-sectoral assessment was carried out by four member agencies of the Integral Alliance (Medair, World Concern, Medical Teams International, and Food for the Hungry) from 8 – 14 October in Sud Department. Most critical needs as reported by the local community are:

SHELTER
 Emergency Shelter is needed in most areas with the immediate need for plastic sheeting and rope.  Up to 90% of homes in some areas are completely destroyed and reconstruction will be required to provide safe and secure housing in the long term.  Training is needed quickly as populations are already beginning to re-build using poor techniques which are not disaster-resistant.  Support ongoing community-led clean up, rubble removal, and salvage.
FOOD
 The population was food-insecure prior to the hurricane and now have had significant loss of crops and loss of functioning markets. Food distributions by FSL partners should be considered in the immediate term to prevent increases in malnutrition with ongoing cholera and potential for increased diarrhoea due to lack of quality drinking water.
HEALTH
 Ensure response actors are supporting facilities to provide access to medical supplies and upgrade staffing.  Ensure cholera treatment centres and oral rehydration points are functioning with sufficient supplies.
WASH
 Safe water is not available in most locations and there is an immediate need for Aquatabs to enable households to treat their water.  Several water systems have been damaged in the hurricane and are in need of repair to ensure an adequate quantity of water is available.  Open defecation is a significant issue in the area especially with cholera present. Behaviour change programming will be needed in the longer term to help determine barriers and motivators to latrine use.
PROTECTION
 Vulnerable groups are likely to have become more vulnerable with the loss and damage of homes. Effort needs to be made to ensure the most vulnerable are served first in the response.  Increased reports of violence, including rape, are reported in some areas due to loss of secure shelter. Protection partners are needed to work with local communities to determine safe shelter options while reconstruction is taking place

Informe de evaluación: 
Cuestionario de evaluación: 
Publicly Available
Datos de evaluación: 
Publicly Available
Sitio(s): 
Fecha(s) de la evaluación: 
De 08 Oct 2016 hasta 14 Oct 2016
Estado de la evaluación: 
Report completed
Método de recolección: 
Key Informant Interview
Tipos de poblaciones: 
Todas las poblaciones afectadas
Organización(es) líder(es): 
Integral Alliance
Organización(es) participante(s): 
Medair
World Concern
Medical Teams International
Food for the Hungry
Ubicación(es): 
Tiburon
Les Anglais
Port-a-Piment
Chardonnieres
Emergencias: 
Hurricane Matthew - Sep 2016