Integrated Food Security Phase Classification
What is the IPC?
The IPC is a set of tools and procedures to classify the nature and severity of food insecurity for decision support. The IPC classifies areas with Acute Food Insecurity into five Phases: Minimal, Stressed, Crisis, Emergency, and Famine. Each of these Phases has different implications for response objectives. The IPC classifies the severity of the situation for two time periods: the current situation and for a future projection. The future projection provides an early warning statement for proactive decision making. Further, the IPC ‘package’ has four mutually supporting functions: (1) Building Technical Consensus, (2) Classifying Severity and Causes, (3) Communicating for Action, and (4) Quality Assurance. Each of these functions has a set of protocols (tools and procedures).