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National Nutrition Survey Afghanistan (2013)

Tema/Objetivo: 
The objectives of survey were to review the current nutritional situation, establish the trends and look for associated factors that influence the nutritional status of the population in Afghanistan.
Metodología: 
NNS-2013 was a cross-sectional survey at household level across Afghanistan. The survey used both quantitative and qualitative methods to achieve the information. The survey consisted of interviews, measurement of anthropometric indices, collection and testing of biologic specimens. A multi-stage cluster methodology was adopted for the survey. Sample size was calculated to provide national and provincial representative estimates. The survey was conducted in all 34 provinces of Afghanistan targeting 18,360 households.
Resultados principales: 
Comparing the current nutrition situation with available information from almost a decade back, Afghanistan has made progress with reduction in the prevalence of stunting and underweight among children of 0-59 months of age and rates of malnutrition among women of reproductive age. Stunting in children less than 5 years has decreased from 60.5% in NNS 2004 to 40.5% in NNS 2013. The prevalence of underweight was reduced from 33.7% in NNS 2004 to 24.6% in NNS 2013. Similarly significant under-nutrition (BMI <18.5 kg/m2) among women of reproductive age reduced from 20.9% in NNS 2004 to 9.2% in NNS 2013. In NNS 2004, 12.2% and 3.4% women were overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2), respectively, whereas in NNS 2013 29.0% (more than double) were overweight and 8.3% were obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). Although there is decline in prevalence of stunting and underweight rates of malnutrition are still high. Though, some improvement in rates of significant malnutrition (BMI <18.5 kg/m2) among women of reproductive age was noted, there was a converse increase in the burden of overweight and obesity. It must be recognized however that the 2004 survey was preliminary and at national level.
Tamaño de la muestra: 
Informe de evaluación: 
Publicly Available
Cuestionario de evaluación: 
Publicly Available
Datos de evaluación: 
Publicly Available
Sitio(s): 
Fecha: 
De 01 Ene 2013 hasta 31 Dic 2013
Frecuencia: 
Estado: 
Report completed
Unidad de medida: 
Método de recolección: 
Field Interview
Tipos de poblaciones: 
Niños
Mujeres
Cluster / Sectores: 
Organizaciones líderes/coordinadoras: 
Government of Afghanistan - Ministry of Public Health
Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia
Localizaciones: 
Afghanistan
Otra localización: 
Tema: 
Infant and Young Child Feeding