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Global Humanitarian Overview 2018

The Global Humanitarian Overview 2018 is the most comprehensive, authoritative and evidence-based assessment of world humanitarian needs. Humanitarian Response Plans and funding requirements by country are the products of collaborative efforts involving most aid organizations working in major crises. They are based on shared information and analysis of affected people’s needs, and embody a strategic and prioritized approach to helping people out of crisis.

The 2018 GHO at a glance:

• Conflict will continue to be the main driver of humanitarian needs.
• Protracted violence will force people to flee from their homes, deny them access to enough food, and rob them of their means of making a living.
• Droughts, floods, hurricanes and other natural disasters will also create humanitarian needs. Although the risk of El Niño or La Niña is low next year, some scientists forecast an increased risk of earthquakes in 2018.
• In a number of countries, humanitarian needs will fall, but still remain significant, including Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Iraq, Mali, and Ukraine.
• However, needs are rising substantially in Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Libya, Somalia and Sudan.
• And needs will remain at exceptionally high levels in Nigeria, South Sudan, the Syria region, and Yemen, which is likely to remain the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.
• Overall, 136 million people across the world will need humanitarian assistance and protection.
• UN-coordinated response plans costed at $22.5 billion can help 91 million.
• The overall number of people in need is more than 5% higher than i`n the 2017 GHO. The cost of the response plans sets a new record, about 1% higher than at the start of 2017.
• Humanitarian agencies will become more effective, efficient and cost-effective. They will respond faster to crises, in a way more attuned to the needs of those they are trying to help. They will undertake more comprehensive, cross-sectoral and impartial needs assessments. They will also contribute more to long-term solutions by working more closely with development agencies.
• Larger country-based pooled funds will improve the agility and prioritised use of funds in the places where they operate. An expanded Central Emergency Response Fund will better support the least-funded major crises.

The GHO is currently available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, and Spanish.

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
01 Dec 2017
Document type: 
Humanitarian Financing
Resource Mobilisation
Strategic Planning