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Syrian Arab Republic: Humanitarian Response plan Monitoring Report, January-June 2018

TOP LINE CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Humanitarian needs

The overall scale, scope and complexity of humanitarian needs of people in Syria remain staggering in terms of magnitude and severity with an estimated 13 million people in need across the country, of whom 5.2 million are in areas of acute need. This remains broadly similar to the level of needs reflected in the 2018 HNO and in previous years.

Convergence of crises

Amidst an intensification of hostilities in multiple locations notably Idleb, Afrin, East Ghouta, southern Damascus, northern rural Homs and parts of north east Syria, the first six months of 2018 witnessed 1.2 million population movements as civilians sought to escape the effects of violence. Some 6.2 million people remained long-term displaced across Syria. From January to May 2018, an estimated 760,000 people returned to their communities, the vast majority being internally displaced people (IDPs) and self-organised returns. These returns took place throughout Syria, notably in Aleppo, Ar-Raqqa and Deir-ez-Zor governorates. In mid-June, large-scale military operations were launched in the southern parts of the country resulting in the estimated displacement of up to 325,000 women, children and men at the height of the escalation. With over 2.9 million individuals now estimated to be living in the contested areas in Idleb Governorate and in adjacent Governorates (Hama, Aleppo and Lattakia), over 1.4 million of whom are IDPs, humanitarian partners are extremely concerned by the catastrophic humanitarian implications on civilians of a potentially imminent fullscale military operation in northwest Syria in the coming period. These concerns are exacerbated by the high population density in the north-west, as well as the absence of options available for these people to seek refuge and security in other areas. The evolving situation in northeast Syria – as well as in Membij and Afrin – is of further concern given large rates of IDP return to areas highly contaminated by explosive hazards. Humanitarian partners urge all armed actors to strictly adhere to principles and standards of international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL), including the prohibition on launching of indiscriminate attacks and the respect for principles of proportionality and precaution. Against a backdrop of ongoing hostilities and violations of international law, no amount of humanitarian assistance and protection services can compensate for a political solution to the crisis and for the respect of basic principles of humanity in the conduct of hostilities.

Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
16 Sep 2018
Document type: 
Periodic Monitoring Report
Location(s): 
Syrian Arab Republic
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2018