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Syrian Arab Republic: 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan (January - December 2018)

The 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) sets out the
framework within which the humanitarian community will
respond to the large-scale humanitarian and protection needs in
Syria throughout 2018 on the basis of the prioritization undertaken
across and within sectors. The HRP, based on humanitarian
assessment data, also presents urgent funding requirements to
address needs. It is anchored by three strategic objectives: saving
lives and alleviating suffering, enhancing protection and building
resilience. These objectives are interlinked, reflecting that needs are
intertwined. Protection and early recovery are mainstreamed across
the operation, adding coherence to the humanitarian response.
Progress made towards attaining one objective is often dependent
upon incremental steps towards achieving another. Achieving
these objectives is contingent upon the availability of sufficient
resources and the existence of an enabling operational environment.
Humanitarian activities under the HRP are coordinated at hub level
and benefit from the Whole of Syria (WoS) approach.6
The HRP was developed by the humanitarian community working
in Syria, under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator
for Syria (HC) and the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the
Syria Crisis (RHC) and with support from the United Nations Office
for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
The HRP was consulted with the Government of the Syrian
Arab Republic and collectively prepared by all partners. The final
document was endorsed by the Emergency Relief Coordinator
(ERC), in line with General Assembly resolution 46/182 (A/
RES/46/182). Affected people were consulted during the needs
identification and planning processes.
The Government of Syria and the UN acknowledge that this is
a technical and operational humanitarian document and that
it should not be interpreted as a political document. While
the UN and the Government of Syria may have differences
in interpretation of certain issues, the primary objective of
the document and for both parties remains the timely and
adequate delivery of humanitarian assistance to people in
need in accordance with international law, including A/
RES/46/182, and the UN Charter.

In accordance with international law, the United Nations
renews its commitment to deliver humanitarian assistance to
people affected by the crisis in Syria, and to implement the
response plan with full respect of the sovereignty, territorial
integrity and independence of the Syrian Arab Republic and
in accordance with General Assembly Resolution 46/182.
The United Nations is committed to the implementation of
Security Council Resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191
(2014), 2258 (2015), 2332 (2016) and 2393 (2017). The UN
and its partners will also continue to advocate for greater
respect for international law, International Humanitarian
Law (IHL) and International Human Rights Law (IHRL) with
relevant stakeholders.
Humanitarian organizations working under this plan, namely
United Nations (UN) agencies, funds and programmes, the
Syrian Arab Red Crescent and humanitarian international and
national Non-Government Organizations (NGOs),⁷ remain
committed to providing needs-based humanitarian assistance,
in accordance with the humanitarian principles of humanity,
neutrality, impartiality and independence and to providing
assistance without discrimination to people in need. In this
capacity, they are protected under international law.
Organizations participating in the HRP acknowledge that
it is first through the efforts of the Syrian people, through
state institutions at both central and local level, and civil
society that the basic needs of the affected population are
met. Partners also recognize that, under IHL, the state has the
primary role and responsibility for the provision of assistance,
protection, and security of those affected by the crisis.
This HRP sets out the strategy for a principled, needs-based
humanitarian response in Syria, in line with A/RES/46/182
and the principles of IHL. These activities will be carried out
in consultation with Syrian state institutions in accordance
with the Charter of the United Nations and A/RES/46/182
and governed by the framework of agreements between the
Syrian state and UN agencies, funds and programs, as well as
Security Council resolution 2393 (S/RES/2393).

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
30 Aug 2018
Document type: 
Strategic Response Plan
Strategic Planning