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Resilient Livelihoods: Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security (Juin 2013)

Foreword

Disasters and food insecurity are directly interconnected. Floods, hurricanes, tsunamis and other hazards can spoil food, destroy agricultural, livestock and fishing and food processing infrastructure, assets, inputs and production capacity. They interrupt market access, trade and food supply, reduce income, deplete savings and erode livelihoods. Drought, plant pests and diseases such as locusts and armyworms, animal diseases like African swine fever, and food contamination or adulteration have a direct economic impact by reducing or eliminating farm production, by adversely affecting prices, trade, and market access and by decreasing farm income and employment. Economic crises such as soaring food prices reduce real income, force the poor to sell their assets, decrease food consumption, reduce their dietary diversity and access to safe and quality food. Disasters create poverty traps that increase the prevalence of food insecurity and malnutrition.

For these reasons, resilient livelihoods are critical to the efforts of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to help the world’s most vulnerable people achieve food security and the freedom from hunger — one of the most basic human rights. At FAO, disaster risk reduction is about protecting people’s livelihoods from shocks, and strengthening their capacity to absorb the impact of, and recover from, disruptive events. Disaster risk reduction is a necessary ingredient for food and nutrition security, and for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goal.

Organization(s): 
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Original Publication Date: 
04 Jun 2013
Document type: 
Analysis Report
Theme(s): 
Resilience
Livelihood