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Ukraine: Humanitarian Snapshot (as of 15 May 2017) [EN/UK/RU]

Overview

Daily hostilities continued to generate civilian casualties and humanitarian needs despite the ceasefire agreement reached at the end of March, which brought about a brief respite in early April. According to OHCHR, a slight decrease of conflict-related civilian casualties was recorded in April, with 66 casualties (13 deaths and 53 injuries) reported compared to 71 in March. Since the beginning of 2017, the majority of the civilian casualties was caused by shelling (55 per cent), followed by mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) at 35 per cent. Of particular concern is a recent sharp rise of civilian casualties as a result of the explosion of landmines and other explosive devices at the start of farming season. Farmers and local population expose themselves to risks of such incidents as agriculture is among some of the limited sources of income. The real number of mine/ERW incidents is thought to be much higher in Non-Government controlled areas (NGCA), where humanitarian access is limited.

While the conflict continues raging unabated, a risk of collapse of the inter-connected energy and water supply systems in both GCA and NGCA remains due to the unresolved issue of non-payment of debts despite multiple negotiations. The ongoing financial and bureaucratic bottlenecks could, in the immediate run, affect some 400,000 to 600,000 people on both sides of the ‘contact line’ in Luhanska Oblast, with people in Donetsk also at risk, according to the WASH Cluster. In late April, energy supplier Luhansk Energy Association (LEO) cut all electrical power supply to NGCA of Luhanska oblast, forcing the de facto authorities to take power from alternative sources, including Donetska oblast NGCA and the Russian Federation as a humanitarian action. These interim measures are unlikely to be sustainable. Meanwhile, Popasnianskyi Vodokanal (PVK) has also cut water to NGCA areas of the Karbonit water system due to lack of funds for repair works and non payment from NGCA. This has led to limited water supply for at least 180,000 people in Almazna, Brianka, Kirovsk, Pervomaisk, Stakhanov towns (Luhanksa oblast), while additional 200,000 people in Luhansk city and surrounding settlements — around two thirds of the population — face risks of disrupted water supply.

Indiscriminate shelling damaged at least eight educational facilities in Avdiivka, Marinka (GCA), Dokuchaievsk, Dzerzhynske and Komunarivka (NGCA) during March and April 2017, resulting in temporary disruption of education, according to the Education Cluster. Since the start of the year, at least 32 educational facilities in GCA and NGCA were affected by the conflict, resulting in interruption of education for thousands of school children. In two of these cases, the schools were attacked during the school day, which is of an alarming trend.

The Security Services of Ukraine (SSU) introduced in late April a new edition of a temporary order on control of the movement of individuals, transport and cargo along and across the ‘contact line.’ Humanitarian partners in consultation with relevant authorities are thoroughly analyzing the implications of this order on the movement of population, humanitarian goods, personnel and vehicles through the Entry-Exit Checkpoints (EECPs).

Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
15 May 2017
Map/Infographic Type: 
Humanitarian Snapshot