Humanitarianresponse Logo

Ukraine: Humanitarian Dashboard - January - June 2018 [EN/UA/RU]

The humanitarian situation in eastern Ukraine remains critical, with 3.4 million people urgently needing assistance and protection services across all sectors. Of these, humanitarian actors in 2018 aim to reach 2.3 million most vulnerable men, women and children. However, halfway through 2018, only US$50 million of the $187 million projects included in the Humanitarian Response Plan have been funded (OCHA FTS), representing over a 70 per cent gap in capacities, which urgently needs to be addressed. The WASH and mine action sectors are the most underfunded at seven and 11 per cent, which is a particular concern. With the available resources and considering the access constraints, humanitarians have nevertheless mounted a collective response and provided some form of assistance and protection services to over 600,000 most vulnerable Ukrainians in the first six months of 2018. Of the US$50 million received so far, the European Union’s Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) stands out with 30 per cent, followed by the Government of Germany at 16 per cent, the contributions by the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and the United States Government at 12 and seven per cent respectively. Against this background, hostilities intensified in the conflict-affected areas of eastern Ukraine during the second quarter of 2018 (April to June), reaching a peak in May. There were 145 civilian casualties from April to June, which is a 220 per cent increase compared to the 45 civilian casualties in the first quarter of 2018 (OHCHR). Despite a series of ceasefire agreements, heavy clashes and shelling continued to negatively impact civilians and civilian infrastructure in and around residential areas. From January to June 2018, there have been 74 incidents involving critical civilian infrastructure, with 75 per cent affecting WASH facilities and 25 per cent affecting schools, health care and other facilities. In May, intense fighting near Chyhari settlement (Donetska oblast) resulted in more than 100 residents fleeing or being relocated and in serious protection concerns for those who stayed or were regularly returning to the settlement. The hostilities also inhibited the access of humanitarian and human rights actors. The areas along the ‘contact line’ remain contaminated by landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW), posing severe risks for the population and curtailing freedom of movement. From January to June 2018, 72 people were killed or injured due to landmines and ERW, including a family of four who were killed by an anti-tank mine in April. The lack of comprehensive mine action legislation and a national mine action centre continues to be a major challenge in this area. There has been an increase in civilians crossing the ‘contact line’ for reasons such as to access services or social benefits, such as pensions, and visiting family. More than 6.3 million civilian crossings of the ‘contact line’ were recorded during the first six months of 2018. This is a 24 per cent increase in crossings compared to the first six months of 2017. With summer temperatures reaching over 32 degrees Celsius, the impact on the elderly, children and pregnant women has been most severe given the long lines and waiting times at checkpoints and the inadequate provision of facilities, especially in areas beyond government control. Nine people (mostly elderly) have died crossing the ‘contact line’ in 2018 due to insecurity and health-related problems. In May 2018, the Joint Forces Operation (JFO) was established in eastern Ukraine, replacing the “Anti-Terrorist Operation” (ATO). The United Nations Security Council also held its first briefing on Ukraine in 15 months on 29 May, following which an unprecedented Security Council Presidential Statement was issued. The statement expressed “grave concern about the recent deterioration of the security situation in eastern Ukraine and its severe impact on the civilian population” and emphasized “the need for scaling up efforts to alleviate civilian suffering.” 

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
13 Aug 2018
Map/Infographic Type: 
Humanitarian Dashboard