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Violence during conflict / Прояви насильства в умовах конфлікту

Subject/Objective: 

The objective of the report is to present data on the various manifestations of violence (psychological, physical, economic, sexual) that internally displaced persons (IDPs) and those who have returned to their place of residence (non-IDPs) are facing.

Methodology: 

Regions where research was conducted (17 regions): Dnipropetrovska, Donetska, Zakarpatska, Zaporizka, Kirovohradska, Kyivska, Luhanska, Lvivska, Odeska, Poltavska, Rivnenska, Sumska, Khersonska, Cherkaska, Chernihivska oblasts and Kyiv.
Respondents (IDPs and non-IDPs separately) were divided into 2 categories: women and elderly. Each of the categories was divided into subcategories. Women: pregnant and heads of households/providers. Elderly: women and men.
Then specific weight of respondents who faced different types of violence in the past 12 months was counted, and those who did violence were determined. Moreover, the reasons for people not to report on the violent incidents were found out. All this made it possible to measure characteristics of social well-being and spheres where violence occurs more often.

Key findings: 

People more often report on incidents of violence with respect to others than to themselves.
The most common are mental, physical and economic violence.
The most common type of violence is intimidation.
The main category of people who committed violent acts are soldiers (the military) from both sides of the conflict: Ukrainian army (including volunteer battalions) and representatives of DNR / LNR (insurgents, separatists, etc.). Respondents also noted employers, government officials, law enforcement agencies.
The population needs to become aware of institutions and organizations that help in case of violence.
IDPs experience unfair, biased attitude while finding a job or extra money and solving housing problems.
The most popular defenders in violation of the rights are members of the family/relatives, community organizations and local MPs.

Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
20 Feb 2015
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Individuals
Collection Method(s): 
Structured Interview
Unstructured Interview
Focus group discussion
Field Interview
Population Type(s): 
Conflict affected population
IDPs
Elderly
Women
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations Population Fund
Location(s): 
Ukraine
Theme(s): 
Gender
Human Rights and IHL
Monitoring and Evaluation
Sexual and Gender based Violence