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Crimean Field Mission on Human Rights: Review of the Situation in Crimea (January 2015)


The present Monitoring Review has been prepared by the Crimean Field Mission on Human Rights and is based on the materials collected by the Mission during its work in Crimea, as well as in Russia and Ukraine in January 2015.
The aims of the Mission are as follows:
 provision of information about the developments in Crimea;
 mitigation of threats of all parties to the conflict;
 maintenance of proper legal guaranties in the region, strengthening and promotion of human rights standards and effective protection mechanisms through the monitoring of the situation and verification of incoming messages about different clashes;
 provision of comprehensive assistance to the initiatives aimed at the protection of human rights of all participants of the conflict.


The conclusions of the paper have been made on the basis of the first-hand information (observation of the situation and developments in Crimea, interviewing the representatives of key target groups), mass media monitoring, analysis of the developments and legal basis, as well as on the basis of official statistic data.
The review is prepared monthly and includes the chapters on the situation with civil and political, socio-economic rights in Crimea, as well as deals with the issues of the status of vulnerable groups and manifestations of xenophobia on the peninsula.
In addition, the Review features the issues of the residents of Crimea who had to escape from the peninsula and move to Ukraine‟s mainland (internally displaced persons).

Key findings: 

Right to life: The Crimean Field Mission on Human Rights has got new information on the investigation into the abduction and murder of Reshat Ametov, Mark Ivanyuk and Stanislav Karachevsky in Crimea.
Right to freedom and personal immunity: the analysis of cases of disappearances and arrests has been done.
Freedom of speech and expression: In Crimea there is a continued pressure on the media in the form of refusal of registration, searches, seizure and damage of property, refusal of extension of the lease of premises, arrest of journalists and threats against them.
Freedom of peaceful assembly: there were three cases of restriction of this freedom.
Freedom of association: there is a case when the local authorities organized criminal prosecution for political reasons.
Freedom of conscience and religion: there are various problems in regard to churches and confessions now.
Freedom of movement: The Russian border guards are continuing to violate the freedom of movement, namely, restrict or prohibit the entry into or exit from Crimea.
Right to a fair trial and efficient means of legal protection: the several cases have been analyzed, and the relevant conclusions have been made for each of them.
Issues related to citizenship: The Russian Federation has exceeded its powers in the sphere of deprivation or termination of the citizenship of a foreign state. The residents of Crimea that were recognized as citizens of the Russian Federation and received a document certifying the identity of the citizen of the Russian Federation shall be recognized in the territory of the Russian Federation as citizens without a foreign citizenship in the case of their application on the unwillingness to be the citizens of a foreign state. The application on the unwillingness to have a foreign citizenship should be submitted to the FMS of Russia. However, the decision on the termination of citizenship of a particular state shall be considered only by the competent authorities of the foreign state, which granted citizenship to a particular individual. For example, the decision on the termination of the citizenship of Ukraine shall be made by the appropriate authorities of Ukraine. Thus, Russia‟s recognition of the absence of Crimean residents‟ foreign citizenship does not imply such recognition by other states.
Social and economic rights have been observed, relevant conclusions made.

Problems of the IDPs from Crimea: The resolution of these problems requires the introduction of changes to the current legislation of Ukraine; currently the working groups of civil society experts have been established and are involved in the preparation of such changes seeking cooperation with the MPs of Ukraine in addressing these problems.

Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
01 Jan 2015 to 31 Jan 2015
Report completed
Collection Method(s): 
Structured Interview
Unstructured Interview
Field Interview
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Avtonomna Respublika Krym