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Sabanga Inter-Agency Rapid Needs Assessment - 26 June - 1 July 2019

Subject/Objective: 
• To conduct humanitarian needs assessment in Sabanga, monitor population movements, identify existing resources and capacities of the IDPs and determine type of humanitarian response to meet immediate needs. • To open and pave way for extending humanitarian operations in North Jebel Marra locality. • To enhance the coordination among humanitarian agencies in IDP responses in North and Central Jebel Marra localities.
Methodology: 
The below findings are based on information collected during individual consultations & group discussions held with community leaders and individual IDPs (direct interviews with men, women and children) and through observations by team members. House to house population verification was conducted, allowing heads of families to tell the assessment team the number of individuals in their families/shelters. It is important to note at this stage that, the team only registered the present members of each families not depending on estimates given by the IDP leaders, immediate IOM’s biometric registration and verification is necessary to confirm the numbers. Then the team divided into sectors to gather information on their respective sectors. After gathering the information, the team used debriefing sessions to cross check information.
Key findings: 
Population movements and affected areas • Community leaders and interviewed individuals confirmed that IDPs arrived in Sabanga between 25 May and 1st June 2019 due to the insecurity in their home villages, according to them, elements of a peace signatory rebel faction ( Alfuka) which was recently integrated into RSF attacked their villages of Hilat Ahmed, Krakola, Arrow, Faradolow, Targay and Omu in North Jebel Marra locality in May 2019 .These villages are located under the control of SLA-AW, 3 to 10 Kms North and North East of Sabanga gathering site. Because of these attacks, many people fled to Sabanga IDPs gathering site seeking protection while others fled to Saratony in North Darfur State. Total population of the above-mentioned villages prior to the disaster was estimated by community leaders at 5,000 people. The number of IDPs that sought refuge to mountains is not known because of access constrains. • During the verification, the team registered 2,781 people (366 HHs) as genuine IDPs most of them are women and children (IOM will share the disaggregated data). They stated that they have no plan to return to their original villages yet nor plan to relocate from their current location till security situation improves. They prioritized their needs in Water, Food, Health and Education. The IDPs will continue to require humanitarian assistance until they receive assistance to support development of more sustainable livelihoods or return to their areas of origin. • Sabanga is an abandoned village located have way between Golo and Rokero towns was affected by conflict between government troops and Sudan Liberation Army led by AbdulWahid Elnour (SLA-AW) in 2004 when all Sabanga residents fled to North Darfur, Golo and Zalingei. The new IDPs stated that the leaders of Sabanga who currently live in Rokero accorded them land to establish shelters close to the ruins of the old villages. No overcrowding or tension among the IDPs over land tenure was observed since all of them are from one tribe (Fur). • IDP leaders reported that 511HHs, after receiving NFIs from DRC, moved from Thurrajeow to Sabanga on 23 May 2019, but the team did not verify the information because of the limited time spent on the ground. UNHCR, however, managed to conduct quick post- monitoring assessment for NFIs which were distributed to IDPs who relocated from Thurrajeow to Sabanga. • No operational partners on the ground during the mission. Thus, operational organizations in Golo in Central Jebel Marra are well positioned to provide humanitarian assistance to Sabanga, these include Danish Refugee Council (DRC), World Relief (WR), Islamic Relief Worldwide (IRW), Near East Foundation (NEF), International Medical Corps (IMC), Save the Children International (SCI) and Catholic Relief Service (CRS). Camp Management Camp Coordination (CCCM) • Sabanga IDP gathering is self-organized, was not planned, it is located in high ground, can host more 6,000 people without overcrowding. The IDP leaders stated they are expecting more people to come should the assistance and services are launched in the short term, according to the IDP community, for safety reasons they cannot venture out far from the camp to exercise livelihood activities because of presence of RSF (AlfuKa). SAF is providing protection for the camp residents. • Reports from the camp indicate that IDPs commute daily between Sabanga and their farms to plant their crops. It was observed that people are unaware about where to voice their general concerns, especially women and children. • Distribution points for Food and NFIs are located in Golo (about 15 Km South West Sabanga) which is too far for elderly or disabled heads of households to reach by foot, jeopardizing their families' ability to receive assistance. • Humanitarian agencies agreed to hold coordination meetings in Golo on monthly bases, set on first Wednesday of each month.
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
26 Jun 2019 to 01 Jul 2019

Level of Representation

Village
Status: 
Report completed
Collection Method(s): 
Structured Interview
Focus group discussion
Observation
Population Type(s): 
IDPs
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Participating Organization(s): 
United Nations Children's Fund
World Food Programme
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
World Health Organization
International Organization for Migration
Save The Children
Near East Foundation
Danish Refugee Council
Islamic Relief Worldwide
Triangle Génération Humanitaire
World Relief
Government of Sudan - Water and Environmental Sanitation
Government of Sudan - Humanitarian Aid Commission
Government of Sudan - State Ministry of Agriculture
Location(s): 
Rokoro
Other location: 
Sabanga village, North Jebel Marra locality