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Turkey|Syria: Cross-Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey, April 2018//Türkiye|Suriye: Türkiye Üzerinden Sınır Ötesi İnsani Erişim ve Aktiviteler, Nisan 2018//تركيا/سوريا: الوصول والنشاط الإنساني عبر الحدود من تركيا نيسان


During the month of April, “evacuations” from East Ghouta in Rural Damascus to northern Syria continued. These evacuations were preceded by a period of intense hostilities, particularly in Duma city where an alleged chemical attack reportedly took place on 7 April reportedly resulting in at least 70 fatalities. Around mid-April, the movement of IDPs from East Ghouta came to an end, with over 66,000 individuals moving to Idleb and Aleppo governorates, in northern Syria. Shortly after the completion of the “evacuations” from East Ghouta, an agreement was reached in the non-state armed group held areas in East Qalamoun. This resulted in the movement of over 6,000 individuals to northern Syria, the majority of whom headed to the Euphrates Shield areas in northern rural Aleppo. Humanitarians in north-western Syria exerted significant efforts to respond to the newly-arrived IDPs. Nevertheless, identifying shelter options for the new comers proved to no small feat, given the large IDP population that is already present in north-western Syria. For instance, the February estimates of the IDP taskforce showed that over 1.2 million people are present in Idleb governorate alone.  In Idleb governorate, infighting between Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham (HTS) and the Syria Liberation Front (SLF) continued throughout the first three weeks of April. The infighting took place in populated areas, putting the lives of innocent civilians at risk. On 15 April, armed clashes took place in the vicinity of the National Hospital in Ma’arrat An Nu’man town, prompting 14 medical NGOs to suspend their non-emergency activities, in objection of the behavior of the belligerents. Following several attempts at mediation between HTS and SLF, a ceasefire agreement was reached on 24 April. Two days following the agreement, a series of targeted killings and a significant increase in criminal activity were observed in the north-west, adversely impacting the lives of the affected population. In the south, the Government of Syria forces launched a large military operation against ISIL in southern Damascus. The operation resulted in the displacement of hundreds of civilians to nearby areas, as well as large destruction in the area. 

Sector Activities

People reached numbers reported are for April 2018 only.
Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.
Early Recovery cluster Since the beginning of the year (Jan-April 2018),  Early Recovery cluster members reached 247,853 total beneficiaries with 55,486 direct beneficiaries and 192,367 indirect beneficiaries.  29,944  directly benefited from rehabilitation of education facilities, 12,357  benefited from basic housing repair support and 4,090  benefited from vocational and skills training provided.   Rest of the ER activities concentrated in  Short-term work opportunities created with 1,615 direct beneficiaries and Cash assistance to vulnerable HHs reached 1,121 direct beneficiaries while Entrepreneurship supported reached 447 direct beneficiaries.
FSL Cluster in April 2018, a total of 826,654 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (in kind, cash and voucher); additionally, 1,376,424 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations, mixed food items and other food commodities in addition to bread/flour distribution FSL cluster reached 103,645 beneficiaries with agriculture & livelihood activities.
Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.
NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.
WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with direct water provision, water trucking bottles, private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenances/ cleanings of communal sewages, constructions or rehabilitations of communal latrines and household
Nutrition cluster supported and provided IYCF-E messages by outreach workers, BMS supports and re-lactation supports for 0-6 month year old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient SAM treatments, MAM treatments, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women’s receive vitamin A; PLWs reached with MAM treatments, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.
Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.
GBV SC provided case management and PSS to GBV survivors, organized psychosocial recreational and skills building activities for women and girls accessing safe spaces and continued investing in the capacity building of GBV organizations to enhance the quality of services, for this month focusing specifically on Case Management for at risk groups (child survivors, people with disabilities, men) for case workers working in Idleb.
CCCM cluster tracked 459,751 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 373,123 IDPs in April 2018.
Health cluster reached 8,342 people with referrals; 1,008,352 outpatient consultations were provided; with trainings: 596 doctors, nurses, midwives and CHW trainees reached and 29,289 minor and major surgeries were supported; 10,210 deliveries assisted by skilled birth attendants.


Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
30 Apr 2018
Map/Infographic Type: 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021