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Turkey|Syria: Cross-Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey, April 2019//Türkiye|Suriye: Türkiye Üzerinden Sınır Ötesi İnsani Erişim ve Aktiviteler, Nisan 2019//تركيا/سوريا: الوصول والنشاط الإنساني عبر الحدود من تركيا نيسان


In April 2019, hostilities and exchange of shelling continued in Idleb and Hama Governorates as well as in the western countryside of Aleppo between GoS forces and NSAGs, most significantly along the southern part of the demilitarized zone. On 8 April, 6 airstrikes reportedly hit Kafr Zeita causing 1 death and 9 civilian injuries including 4 children and 2 women. On the same date Jisr Ash-Shugur town was impacted by missile shelling which hit a populated area. On 8 April, education activities were reportedly suspended in different areas in northwest Syria as a result of shelling, and education directorates suspended activities in Kafr Nobol, Kafruma, Sheikh Mustafa, Maar Tahroma, Saraqab and Ma’arrat An Nu’man to keep pupils and staff safe. On 8 April, heavy rain reportedly affected two areas in northwest Syria, around Dana, Sarmada and camps near the border and around Khan Shaykhun, Kafr Nobol and Ma’raat An Nu’man. This caused damage in camps, road closures and civilian properties. On April 23, intensive airstrikes affected communities in Idleb Governorate. On April 23, twelve airstrikes were reported in Korin and Falyun in Idleb Governorate, causing material damage. Reportedly, three separate incidents in Hanbushiyeh, Khan Shaykun, and Saraqeb towns in Idleb Governorate resulted in the death of 10 civilians, leaving many more wounded. As a result, Education Directorate announced the suspension of all educational activities in Khan Shaykun and Saraqeb towns until further notice. On April 24, an explosion reportedly took place at the market place in Jisr-Ash-Shugur town in Idleb Governorate,  killing at least 16 civilians and injuring at least 41 others. 


People reached numbers reported are for April-2019 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.
Early Recovery Cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January - April 2019),  Early Recovery partners reached 321,757 direct beneficiaries in 64 subdistricts and 194 communities.  In particular, 252,838 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 30,672 from removal of debris and waste, and 10,814 from vocational and skills training activities.   The remaing ER activities mainly focused on the creation of short-term work opportunities for 6,691 direct beneficiaries,  on the rehabilitation of other social infrastructures ,from which 6,315 directly benefitted, on the rehabilitation/repair of basic, local economic infrastructures to the benefit of 5,127 people, the rehabilitation of education facilities for 2,288 direct beneficiaries, and the creation of regular employment for 1,718 direct beneficiaries. 
FSL Cluster In April 2019, a total of 934,348 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (in kind, cash and voucher);  1,765,860 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations, mixed food items and other food commodities in addition to bread/flour distribution FSL cluster reached 47,916 beneficiaries with agriculture & livelihood activities.
Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.
NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.
WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenances/ cleanings of communal sewages, constructions or rehabilitations of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance provided at the community, camps, collective center and schools level.
Nutrition cluster supported and provided IYCF-E messages by outreach workers, BMS supports and re-lactation supports for 0-6 month year old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient SAM treatments, MAM treatments, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women’s receive vitamin A; PLWs reached with MAM treatments, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.
Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.
GBV SC provided case management and PSS to GBV survivors, organized psychosocial recreational and skills building activities for women and girls accessing safe spaces and continued investing in the capacity building of GBV organizations to enhance the quality of services. For this month, the GBV SC kicked off its Capacity Building Taskforce (CBTF) and continued the rollout of the GBV Awareness Raising Toolkit
CCCM cluster tracked 67,978 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 449,800 IDPs in April 2019.
Health cluster reached in April 2019 to 928,400 outpatient consultations were provided; 9,169 people with referrals; and supported 15,884 physical rehabilitation sessions.

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
04 Jul 2019
Map/Infographic Type: 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s):