Humanitarianresponse Logo

Turkey|Syria: Cross-Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey, February 2019//Türkiye|Suriye: Türkiye Üzerinden Sınır Ötesi İnsani Erişim ve Aktiviteler, Şubat 2019//تركيا/سوريا: الوصول والنشاط الإنساني عبر الحدود من تركيا شباط


In February 2019, artillery shelling and fire exchange between the GoS forces and opposition NSAGs continued along the demilitarized zone (DMZ) in east Idlib and northern Hama countryside. GoS forces’ shelling affected tens of communities in Khan Shaykun, Ma'arrat An Nu'man, Saraqab districts and surrounding areas which resulted in damage to the infrastructure and civilian properties in the area. On 10 February, the Directorate of Education in Idleb Governorate suspended education activities in the schools in Jarjnaz, Eastern Deir, Maar Shamarin, Maar Shamsheh and Telamnas for one week due to continuous shelling. And on 9 February, local councils of Kafr Zeita in northern Hama Governorate and Tah in southern Idleb Governorate reportedly declared their respective areas disaster zones due to shelling which caused the deaths of many civilians and destroyed the infrastructure in these cities. The Education Directorate in Maaret An Nu’man District suspended educational activities in the district on 26 and 27 February while schools in Saraqeb town have suspended the educational process from 25 February until 2 March. The GoS forces shelling in February resulted in more than 80 civilian deaths and 300 injuries among civilians in the area. A limited number of humanitarian activities and basic services were also suspended due to the increase in violence. In February, hostilities in the area caused the displacement of 56 thousand people from Idlib and northern rural Hama, mainly to Idlib and Aleppo governorates. 


People reached numbers reported are for Feb-2019 only.
Education cluster Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.
Early Recovery Cluster Since the beginning of the year (January - February 2019),  Early Recovery partners reached 90,052 direct beneficiaries in 55 subdistricts and 173 communities.  In particular, 45,883 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 21,037 from removal of debris and waste, and 5,221 from vocational and skills training activities.   The remaing ER activities mainly focused on rehabilitation of other social infrastructures, from which 5,780 directly benefitted, the rehabilitation/repair of basic, local economic infrastructures to the benefit of 2,909 people direct beneficiaries, the rehabilitation of education facilities for 2,288 direct beneficiaries, and the creation of regular employment for 729 direct beneficiaries. 
FSL Cluster  in February 2019, a total of 1,068,656 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (in kind, cash and voucher);  1,704,153 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations, mixed food items and other food commodities in addition to bread/flour distribution FSL cluster reached 90,205 beneficiaries with agriculture & livelihood activities.
Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.
NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.
WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with direct water provision, water trucking bottles, private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenances/ cleanings of communal sewages, constructions or rehabilitations of communal latrines and household
Nutrition cluster supported and provided IYCF-E messages by outreach workers, BMS supports and re-lactation supports for 0-6 month year old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient SAM treatments, MAM treatments, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women’s receive vitamin A; PLWs reached with MAM treatments, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.
Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.
GBV SC The GBV SC continued the roll-out of the GBV Awareness Raising Toolkit with a 6 day training conducted in Syria (Azaz) and in collaboration with PC, CP SC and CCCM Cluster, has also finalized a new guidance note which aims to mitigate protection risks in IDP sites that are exclusive to widowed and divorced women and girls.
CCCM cluster tracked 80,589 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 490,481 IDPs in Feb 2019.
Health cluster reached 8,244 people with referrals; 874,161 outpatient consultations were provided..

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
28 Feb 2019
Map/Infographic Type: 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s):