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Turkey|Syria: Cross-Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey, December 2018//Türkiye|Suriye: Türkiye Üzerinden Sınır Ötesi İnsani Erişim ve Aktiviteler, Aralık 2018//تركيا/سوريا: الوصول والنشاط الإنساني عبر الحدود من تركيا كانون الأول


During the month of December 2018, fire exchange and hostilities continued in areas in west Aleppo countryside, east Idleb countryside and northern Hama countryside areas. A school was partially destroyed in Jirjnaz town in eastern rural Idleb Governorate by GoS forces shelling. While many cases of shelling were reported on Latmana in northern rural Hama Governorate. During the month of December, shelling reportedly continued on Kafr Nobol in southern Idleb Governorate, and Latmana and Maarkaba in northern Hama Governorate and on Jarjnaz town in southern rural Idleb Governorate civilians casualties were reported and caused extensive material damage to civilian houses. Civilians were also injured by heavy shelling in southern rural Idleb, including Al-Tah, Al-Tamana’a, Jarjnaz, Khan Shykun, Al-Kharin, Al-Skeik, Um Jalal, Al-Farjeh, Big Khwein, Abu Omar and Al-Janoudiyeh. Fire exchange and shelling caused displacement of about 33,163 IDPs were noticed in Idleb governorate, the great majority of which was internal displacement within Idlib governorate with about 31,000 IDPs, while about 4,600 IDPs were displaced east Idlib governorate to west Aleppo countryside. This displacements was due to flooding of IDP sites and host communities at the end of the month in areas near Atmeh and Deir Balout. During the month of December, series of vehicle-borne IEDs exploded in northern Aleppo countryside, one hit a market in Afrin city, as  a result up to 13 people killed and 20 others injured in the attack. Six of the injured were reportedly hospitalized in Turkey. The events severely constrained movement in and out of the city. On the same day three other bombings took place in Albab, Azaz and Al-Raea town leaving 4 deaths and more than 20 injuries as reported by local sources. In another incident on 13 December, local sources reported four people killed and nine others injured, with many in critical condition, in an IED explosion in Afrin city. On 17 December, the local council of Azaz town in north Aleppo Governorate announced the cancellation of a celebratory day due to security concerns. Markets in Jarablus town were closed for similar reasons. This comes as the FSA on 17 December reportedly captured and defused a vehicle-borne IED planned to be exploded in Jarablus.


People reached numbers reported are for Dec 2018 only.

Education cluster since the beginning of the year (Jan-Dec 2018), Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery cluster Since the beginning of the year (Jan-Dec 2018),  Early Recovery members reached 602,368 direct beneficiaries. 1,450,151 indirectly benefited from ER activities in 308 communities with a total population of 5,117,290 (%28 of the total population).  149,447 directly benefited from rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage) while 120,129 benefited from removal of debris and waste and 116,118 benefited from rehabilitation of other social infrastructure.  Rest of the ER activities concentrated in Rehabilitation of education facilities with 75,458  direct beneficiaries and vocational and skills training provided reached 37,826  direct beneficiaries while rehabilitation or repair of basic, local economic infrastructure reached 15,596 direct beneficiaries.

FSL Cluster  in December 2018, a total of 853,373 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (in kind, cash and voucher); additionally, 1,929,620 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations, mixed food items and other food commodities in addition to bread/flour distribution FSL cluster reached 107,246 beneficiaries with agriculture & livelihood activities.

Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with direct water provision, water trucking bottles, private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenances/ cleanings of communal sewages, constructions or rehabilitations of communal latrines and household

Nutrition cluster supported and provided IYCF-E messages by outreach workers, BMS supports and re-lactation supports for 0-6 month year old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient SAM treatments, MAM treatments, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women’s receive vitamin A; PLWs reached with MAM treatments, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV SC GBV SC members continued to provide case management and other specialized services to GBV survivors. They also continued to conduct GBV empowerment interventions for women and girls such as life skills and skill-building activities as well as GBV prevention activities targeting women, men, boys and girls. For January, the GBV SC drafted their annual Work Plan, produced a GBV quarterly trend analysis in order to inform partners GBV programming and for advocacy purposes. The GBV SC also produced an activity report of the 16 Days of Activism against GBV Campaign, which underlines main achievements and challenges.

CCCM cluster tracked 71,056 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 446,159 IDPs in Dec 2018.

Health cluster reached 10,787 people with referrals; 995,994 outpatient consultations were provided;  6,790 persons with disabilities supported and 6,787 mental health consultations.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
30 Dec 2018
Map/Infographic Type: 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s):