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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Jun 2020 [EN]


During June 2020, limited artillery shelling reportedly continued to affect areas in northern Lattakia, northern Hama, southern Idleb and western Aleppo governorates while sporadic airstrikes reportedly affected several locations in southern Idleb and northern Hama governorates.
The security situation northwest Syria continued to be affected by explosive hazards and NSAG tensions. IED incidents in June reportedly killed several people and injured tens of people both in the Idleb area and northern Aleppo, according to OHCHR and local sources. Civilians, including children, were also subjected to increasing incidents of NSAGs clashing with each other and with civilians. Frequent outbreaks of fire were reported in June, particularly affecting IDP settlements, damaging or destroying tents. 
On 19 June, heavy rainstorms reportedly flooded some 20 IDP camps and informal settlements in Idleb governorate. According to local and NGO sources, at least three children were killed and some 250 families were displaced due to these floods, which reportedly damaged dozens of tents and caused substantial wider material damage, including sewage overflows and putting some latrines out of service.
The value of the Syrian Pound (SYP) continued to deteriorate significantly in June, reaching historical lows between 3,000-3,100 SYP to 1 USD. This acceleration of ongoing devaluation further increased prices including for basic necessities such as food, water and hygiene supplies. The economic decline also has a wider impact on the humanitarian response by exacerbating the humanitarian needs and by creating instability of the currency, complicating humanitarian operations. 
There were no identified COVID-19 cases in northwest Syria as of 30 June while preparedness efforts for a potential outbreak were underway.


People reached numbers reported are for Jun-2020 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January to May 2020),  Early Recovery partners reached 1,633,268 direct beneficiaries in 45 subdistricts and 99 communities.
In particular, 1,561,035 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 41,464 from short-term work opportunities provided and 10,675 from entrepreneurial activities.
The remaining ER activities mainly focused on entrepreneurship support from which 10,810 benefitted, the vocational and skills training provided from which 8,560  directly benefitted and on regular employment accessed for 4,335 direct beneficiaries, 3,630 benefitted from basic housing repair support.  97,694 HHs benefitted from rehabilitation of basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 8,618 m3 solid and waste removed while 27 local public service providers were provided capacity and equipment support. 

FSL cluster: In June 2020, a total of 1,593,891 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 539,252 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 400,359 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 822,314 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.
FSL Cluster reached from January to June 2020 704,648 beneficiaries with agriculture and livelihoods.

Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenance/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition cluster: Since the beginning of 2020, 24 Nutrition Cluster partners provided life-saving nutrition services covering 215 communities in 36 sub-districts. The delivery platforms were both static sites and 78 Rapid Response Teams (RRTs). Those reached included: treatment of 501 cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), 1,693 cases of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children 6-59 months, and 2,396 cases of acutely malnourished pregnant and lactating women (PLW); 27,247 children 6-35 months received lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for prevention of chronic and acute malnutrition; 11,688 displaced children 6-59 months and PLW received high-energy biscuits for prevention of acute malnutrition; 52,185 children 6-59 months and PLW received micronutrient supplements; 45,702 mothers and care givers were reached with messages and counselling on appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF-E).

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV SC coordination team worked closely with the GBVIMS+ global team to finalize the process of the roll out of the GBVIMS+ in NW Syria with 6 organizations. the coordination team also conducted an online training on male survivors of sexual violence. The training targeted supervisors in Gaziantep and aimed to roll out the previously developed training materials on male survivors. The GBV SC coordination team continued its GBV risk mitigation efforts by working with Child protection cluster conducted one case conference with Child Protection Coordination Team and attendance from GBV & CP actors, and finalized with the Education cluster draft ToR for the Education Cluster and GBV Sub Cluster Taskforce on GBV Risk Mitigation.

CP SC: This reporting period has been characterized by persistence of child protection concerns in North West a, aggravated by COVID19 pandemic and its global crisis. Despite limitations in an increasingly restrictive operational environment, child protection partners delivered, while incorporating where possible COVID prevention messages and messages on childcare in times of isolation and unpredictability.  Therefore, partners have continued providing child protection case management services, parenting programmes, PSS group activities and child protection recreational activities, in addition to child protection- related training, through online platforms.

CCCM cluster tracked 46,574 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 1,380,161 IDPs in June 2020.

Health cluster reached 860,607 outpatient consultations; 16,771 people with referrals; supported 23,971 people with physical rehabilitation and supported  6,794 people with mental health consultations in May 2020.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
31 Jul 2020
Map/Infographic Type: 
Syrian Arab Republic
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021