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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - May 2020 [EN]


No airstrikes were reported in May, while sporadic artillery shelling affected areas in northern Lattakia, northern Hama, southern Idleb and western Aleppo governorates. Shelling intensified briefly in the Al Ghab plain on 10 May, following military operations by a non-state armed group (NSAG) in the area.
The security situation in northwest Syria continued to be affected by explosive hazards and NSAG tensions. IED incidents in May reportedly killed several people and injured tens of people, according to local sources. Civilians, including children, were also subjected to increasing incidents of NSAGs clashing with each other and with civilians. Frequent outbreaks of fire were reported in May, destroying agricultural fields, causing material damage in several IDP settlements, and producing further civilian casualties.
An unprecedented 1,781 trucks of UN assistance were sent into northwest Syria in May, the most since the UN cross-border operation began. As of 31 May, some 2.8 million people in northwest Syria required humanitarian assistance. Of those displaced since December 2019, some 780,000 people remained displaced, while an estimated 200,000 had moved back to areas from which they were displaced, mainly east of the M5 highway and south of the M4 highway in Idleb and western Aleppo governorates.
The value of the Syrian Pound (SYP) deteriorated significantly in May, exceeding 1,300 SYP/USD for the first time and reaching a historical low of 1,950 SYP/USD on 19 May. As of 31 May, one USD traded at 1,890 SYP – some 49 percent weaker than a month earlier. This acceleration of ongoing devaluation further increased prices including for basic necessities such as food, water and hygiene supplies. 
There are no identified COVID-19 cases in northwest Syria as of 31 May. Previously reported precautions remain in place, with some restrictions easing towards the end of the month.


People reached numbers reported are for May-2020 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January to May 2020),  Early Recovery partners reached 1,207,621 direct beneficiaries in 41 subdistricts and 85 communities.
In particular, 1,149,445 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 31,739 from short-term work opportunities provided and 10,675 from entrepreneurial activities.
The remaining ER activities mainly focused on the vocational and skills training provided from which 6,886 directly benefitted and on regular employment accessed for 4,285 direct beneficiaries, 2,385 benefitted from support provided to rural enterprises and entrepreneurs.  77,079 HHs benefitted from rehabilitation of basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 7,140 m3 solid and waste removed while 19 local public service providers were provided capacity and equipment support.

FSL cluster: In May 2020, a total of 1,907,916 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 1,552,400 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 855,598 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 1,978,841 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.
FSL Cluster reached from January to May 2020 615,690 beneficiaries with agriculture and livelihoods.

Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenance/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition cluster: Since the beginning of 2020, 24 Nutrition Cluster partners provided life-saving nutrition services covering 215 communities in 36 sub-districts. The delivery platforms were both static sites and 78 Rapid Response Teams (RRTs). Those reached included: treatment of 501 cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), 1,693 cases of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children 6-59 months, and 2,396 cases of acutely malnourished pregnant and lactating women (PLW); 27,247 children 6-35 months received lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for prevention of chronic and acute malnutrition; 11,688 displaced children 6-59 months and PLW received high-energy biscuits for prevention of acute malnutrition; 52,185 children 6-59 months and PLW received micronutrient supplements; 45,702 mothers and care givers were reached with messages and counselling on appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF-E).

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV SC Coordination Team continued supporting members to insure access for women and girls to different types of GBV interventions in time of COVID-19 pandemic through the GBV SC GBV & COVID-19 Task force. The TF updated the guidance note on GBV service provision in the time of COVID-19. The GBV SC coordination team updated the GBV SC Welcoming/Orientation Package. The package was developed with the aim of linking new members of the GBV Sub-Cluster to critical Sub-Cluster documents as well as tools, trainings and guidance on GBV

CP SC: This reporting period has been characterized by persistence of child protection concerns in North West a, aggravated by COVID19 pandemic and its global crisis. Despite limitations in an increasingly restrictive operational environment, child protection partners delivered, while incorporating where possible COVID prevention messages and messages on childcare in times of isolation and unpredictability.  Therefore, partners have continued providing child protection case management services, parenting programmes, PSS group activities and child protection recreational activities, in addition to child protection- related training, through online platforms.

CCCM cluster tracked 41,328 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 1,357,921 IDPs in May 2020.

Health cluster reached 605,920 outpatient consultations; 11,665 people with referrals; supported 15,284 people with physical rehabilitation and supported  5,682 people with mental health consultations in May 2020.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
30 Jun 2020
Map/Infographic Type: 
Syrian Arab Republic
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021