Humanitarianresponse Logo

Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Jan 2020 [EN]

The humanitarian situation in northwest Syria deteriorated sharply during the month of January 2020. Massive population movements took place from southern Idleb and western Aleppo governorate, as a result of increased aerial and artillery bombardments as well as intensive ground operations driving rapid frontline shifts. During this month, Government of Syria forces gained control of tens of population areas, including Ma’arrat An Nu’man city, as well as parts of the M5 highway.
Throughout January, Some 464,830  people were displaced, of whom some 80% are women and children. Many had been displaced before, with each new displacement further dismantling existing coping mechanisms and increasing vulnerabilities.
This further concentrated larger numbers of people into smaller geographic areas, increasing the strain on already overstretched facilities and services in host areas. The population of newly displaced people exceeded the immediate absorption capacity of IDP camps in receiving areas, severely exacerbating shelter and accommodation shortages across northwest Syria. Thousands of families were reportedly accommodated in public buildings, schools and mosques, while hundreds of other families reportedly sheltered in unfinished houses, shops and other sub-standard buildings, as well as in open spaces including public parks, with limited or no access to services.
Severe weather conditions also worsened the hardship of both IDPs and host communities in northwest Syria in January 2020. Frequent flooding of camps and informal settlements were reported. On the same day, a windstorm struck northwest Syria, causing damage in the areas of Dana, Atma, Hazzano and Jisr-Ash-Shugur, reportedly damaging several IDP camps and affecting more than 470 families. The dire situation and reliance on humanitarian assistance were further compounded by the continued devaluation of the Syrian Pound, which drove increasing unaffordability of essential goods and services.
Protection of civilians, safe and weather-appropriate reception centres and shelters both in and out of camps, WASH facilities and emergency services including non-food items, heating, food and healthcare were identified as the main needs of the newly displaced population. On 31 January, an inter-cluster humanitarian readiness and response plan for northwest Syria was issued for meeting these needs for 800,000 people


People reached numbers reported are for January-2020 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery cluster Since the beginning of the year (January 2020),  Early Recovery partners reached 88,967 direct beneficiaries in 23 subdistricts and 34 communities.  In particular, 77,960 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 5,254 from entrepreneurial activities and 3, 795 from regular employment accessed.  The remaining ER activities mainly focused on the short-term work opportunities provided from which 1,163 directly benefitted and on vocational and skills training provided for 533 direct beneficiaries, 250 benefitted from  basic housing repair support .  40,156 HHs benefited from rehabilitation of basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 1,405 m3 solid and waste removed while 7 local public service providers were provided capacity and equipment support.

FSL cluster In January 2020, a total of 1,187,270 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 446,210 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 182,467 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 981,597 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.
FSL Cluster reached In January 2020 139,108 beneficiaries with agriculture and livelihoods.

Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenance/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition cluster supported and provided Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) e-messages by outreach workers, Breast Milk Substitutes (BMS) support and re-lactation support for 0-6 month old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient . Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) treatment, moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) treatment, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women received vitamin A; Pregnant and lactating women (PLW) reached with MAM treatment, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV SC (Sub Cluster) provided case management and PSS (Psychosocial support)to GBV survivors, organized psychosocial recreational and skills building activities for women and girls accessing safe spaces and continued investing in the capacity building of GBV organizations to enhance the quality of services. For this month, the GBV SC kicked off its Capacity Building Taskforce (CBTF) and continued the rollout of the GBV Awareness Raising Toolkit

CCCM cluster tracked 453,142 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 887,860 IDPs in January 2020.

Health cluster reached 813,975 outpatient consultations; 9,991 people with referrals; supported 14,260people with physical rehabilitation and supported  6794 people with mental health consultations in January 2020.


Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
29 Feb 2020
Map/Infographic Type: 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2020