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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Dec 2019 [EN/AR]


During the month of December 2019, heavy rainfalls exacerbated vulnerabilities already intensified by winter conditions, with flooding obstructing roads as well as damaging and destroying tents and other materials in at least 28 IDP camps in northern Syria. On 10 December the Al-Dadat crossing point in northern Menbij city was reopened for civilian traffic from both sides, following a 2-month closure, making it the only open passage between areas controlled by NSAGs in northern Aleppo governorate and other parts of northern Syria.
Daily shelling and airstrikes continued to impact dozens of communities across Idleb, northern Hama and western Aleppo governorates, with some airstrikes reportedly also impacting areas in Kabani in Lattakia governorate. Hostilities sharply increased in the second half of the month, focused on southern Idleb governorate, with sustained aerial bombardment of the Ma’arrat An Nu’man area coupled with ground offensives in the eastern side of the de-escalation area by GoS forces and allies, who reportedly took control of 46 communities in the area, including the towns of Jarjnaz and Telamnas.
The escalation of hostilities in southern Idleb displaced 298,534 individuals in December, many of whom had been previously displaced and of whom some 60 per cent – 175,540 individuals – are children and some 20 per cent – 64,087 – are women. IDPs’ movements were hindered by the volatile security situation along the access routes in the north – including airstrikes in the vicinity of major routes northward – a lack of vehicles, a wider shortage of fuel in the Idleb area, and winter conditions.
Many of the new IDPs fled to urban centers such as Idleb city, Saraqab and Ariha, and to IDP camps in north-west Idleb, which were already overstretched. Of the newly displaced families, about half live with host families or in rented houses while about 19 per cent live in camps. The most prominent needs among the newly displaced are NFIs, shelter, food, cash assistance and health services.


People reached numbers reported are for December-2019 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster Since the beginning of the year (January - December 2019),  Early Recovery partners reached 1,267,798 direct beneficiaries in 71 subdistricts and 247 communities.  In particular, 1,077,933 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 39,816 from short-term work opportunities created, and 37,710 from entrepreneurial activities.  The remaining ER activities mainly focused on the vocational and skills training activities from which 31,485 directly benefitted and on removal of debris and waste activities for 30,722 direct beneficiaries, on basic housing repair support for 9,240, on market-based modalities assistance to vulnerable HHs to the benefit of 8,798 people and on the support provided to rural enterprises and entrepreneurs for 7,805 people.

FSL Cluster: In December 2019, a total of 1,266,770 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 305,763 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 57,534 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 491,373 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.
FSL Cluster reached from January to December 566,471 beneficiaries with agriculture and livelihoods.
Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenances/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition cluster supported and provided Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) E messages by outreach workers, Breast Milk Substitutes (BMS) support and re-lactation support for 0-6 month old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient . Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) treatment, moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) treatment, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women received vitamin A; Pregnant and lactating women (PLW) reached with MAM treatment, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV SC (Sub Cluster) provided case management and PSS (Psychosocial support)to GBV survivors, organized psychosocial recreational and skills building activities for women and girls accessing safe spaces and continued investing in the capacity building of GBV organizations to enhance the quality of services. For this month, the GBV SC kicked off its Capacity Building Taskforce (CBTF) and continued the rollout of the GBV Awareness Raising Toolkit

CCCM cluster tracked 298,534 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 792,395 IDPs in December 2019.

Health cluster reached 823,639 outpatient consultations; 10,379 people with referrals; supported 14,121 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 7,782 people with mental health consultations in December 2019.


Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
01 Jan 2020
Map/Infographic Type: 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2020