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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - 30 September 2021 [EN]


Communities across north-west Syria continued to be affected by daily artillery shelling in September, especially south of the M4 highway and around the M5 highway. An uptick in airstrikes, concentrating around southern Idleb, has been observed. Some incidents resulted in civilian casualties. Explosive hazards added to the civilian injuries.
Around 24,000 displacements were tracked in September, with some 4,000 people leaving Ehsem sub-district. Afrin sub- district received the most displaced people, receiving over 7,000 people.
The spike in new COVID-19 cases that started in August continued with 34,184 confirmed cases recorded in September, placing an additional strain on the health services. All districts across north-west Syria were assessed to be high risk or very high-risk areas. Displacement sites were particularly at risk, with issues around overcrowding and social gatherings. The vaccination efforts continued in September, but the vaccination rate remains very low, mostly due to a hesitancy to get vaccinated among the population: only about 3 per cent of the population has been vaccinated.
The value of the Syrian Pound (SYP) against the US dollar (USD) in September remained stable. Nevertheless, the SYP remained weak and was a cause of high prices of goods and services. The economic crisis continues to drive humanitarian needs.


People reached numbers reported are for Sep-2021 only.

Education Cluster: Education cluster provided school aged children with textbooks, regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/  schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychosocial support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development(ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January  2021),  59 Early Recovery partners reached 507,558 direct beneficiaries in 50 subdistricts and 202 communities. In particular, 159,930 directly benefitted from the short-term work opportunities created, 123,019 benefitted from the rehabilitation of health facilities, and 87,755 benefitted from the entrepreneurship supported.

FSL Cluster: In September 2021, a total of 1,514,144 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 97,568 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 188,556 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 1,409,194 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.

Shelter Cluster: Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI Cluster: NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH Cluster: WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenance/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition Cluster: In Sep 2021, 28 Nutrition Cluster partners provided life-saving nutrition services covering 293 communities in 35 sub-districts. The delivery platforms were both static sites and 170 Rapid Response Teams (RRTs). Those reached included: treatment of 872 cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), 1,947 cases of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children 6-59 months, and 1,886 cases of acutely malnourished pregnant and lactating women (PLW); 26,183 children 6-35 months received lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for prevention of chronic and acute malnutrition; 52,955 mothers and caregivers were reached with messages and counselling on appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF-E).

Protection Cluster: Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV Sub-Cluster: On September 29, the GBV SC organized a workshop in Idlib, Syria, on Working with Male Survivors of Sexual Violence, which targeted NGOs that provide response services to male survivors of sexual violence. The workshop hosted 15 participants, and aimed to share experiences, listen to challenges and lessons learned and suggestions and sought feedback on the training (Caring for Male Survivors of Sexual Assault) developed by the GBV SC last year). This is the second field workshop of a series of workshops held based on the GBV SC Action Plan for 2021.
Within the Capacity-Building Annual Plan 2021, the GBV SC conducted training in Gaziantep, Turkey, from 6 to September 10, for the Case Management of GBV Survivors. The training targeted the GBV Case Management service providers in NW Syria, with 24 attendees.
In the same context and within the same plan, the GBV SC conducted training in Afrin, Syria, 13 to September 16, for the Advanced Case Management of GBV Survivors. The training targeted the GBV Case Management service providers in NW Syria, with 18 attendees.

CP Sub-Cluster: This reporting period has been characterized by persistence of child protection concerns in North West, aggravated by COVID19 pandemic and its global crisis. Despite limitations in an increasingly restrictive operational environment, child protection partners delivered, while incorporating where possible COVID prevention messages and messages on childcare in times of isolation and unpredictability. Therefore, partners have continued providing child protection case management services, parenting programmes, PSS group activities and child protection recreational activities, in addition to child protection- related training, through online platforms.

CCCM Cluster: CCCM monitored the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response for 1.4 million IDPs in September 2021. This month, approximately 127 thousand IDPs were reached with CCCM activities, ranging from camp management and capacity building activities to community mobilization, site assessment and risk mitigation, site management support, as well as fire awareness, prevention and response.

Health Cluster: Health cluster reached 993,263 outpatient Sub-districts Reached consultations; 24,992 people with referrals; supported 18,825 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 13,698 people with mental health consultations in September 2021.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
08 Dec 2021
Map/Infographic Type: 
Syrian Arab Republic
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2022