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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - august 2021 [EN]

CONTEXT

Daily artillery shelling and occasional airstrikes took place across north-west Syria in August, especially south of the M4 highway and around the M5 highway. Some incidents resulted in civilian casualties. Explosive hazards added to the civilian injuries.Around 31,081 displacements were tracked in October. Idleb and Afrin sub-districts recorded the highest number of departures, some 4,000 people left Idleb and over 3,500 people left Afrin. Bulbul and Raju sub-districts received the highest number of arrivals, each receiving over 2,500 people.
Towards the end of the month, COVID-19 cases started to increase significantly, straining health services across north-west Syria. 12,839 new cases were recorded in August, marking a sharp increase compared to 771 new cases that were recorded in July. The PCR positivity rate has also been significantly high, fluctuating between 40 – 50 per cent.
The value of the Syrian Pound (SYP) against the US dollar (USD) in August remained stable. Nevertheless, the SYP remained weak and was a cause of high prices of goods and services. The economic crisis continues to drive humanitarian needs.

SECTOR ACTIVITIES

People reached numbers reported are for Jul-2021 only.

Education Cluster: Education cluster provided school aged children with textbooks, regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/  schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychosocial support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development(ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January 2021), 33 Early Recovery partners reached 616,961 direct beneficiaries in 50 subdistricts and 195 communities. In particular, 326,485 directly benefitted from rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage)provided, 138,338 benefitted from the short-term work opportunities created and 70,966 benefitted from the entrepreneurship supported.

FSL Cluster: In August 2021, a total of 1,764,033 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 105,247 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 80,422 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 1,704,726 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.

Shelter Cluster: Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI Cluster: NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH Cluster: WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenance/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition Cluster: In Aug 2021, 27 Nutrition Cluster partners provided lifesaving nutrition services covering 290 communities in 35 sub-districts. The delivery platforms were both static sites and 166 Rapid Response Teams (RRTs). Those reached included: treatment of 944 cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), 1,967 cases of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children 6-59 months, and 1,869 cases of acutely malnourished pregnant and lactating women (PLW); 23,349 children 6-35 months received lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for prevention of chronic and acute malnutrition; 53,589 mothers and caregivers were reached with messages and counselling on appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF-E).

Protection Cluster: Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV Sub-Cluster: The GBV IMS Task Force has finalized and endorsed the Communities ReachedInformation Sharing Protocol allowing the six data gathering organizations (including Gc) to share data related to reported GBV incidents at the inter-agency level for data analysis and improved coordination, programming, and advocacy.
The GBV SC conducted two online case discussions to go through case management protocols and learn from complicated cases in NW Syria. In the Idleb session, 43 caseworkers attended, and in the Aleppo session, 37 Case Workers attended. The GBV Sub Cluster conducted GBV Awareness-Raising Toolkit training in Idleb from 22 to 26 August, which targeted 16 participants of GBV field workers of different GBV Sub Cluster partners that use the GBV Awareness-Raising Toolkit developed by the GBV Sub Cluster. As an on-site follow-up, the GBV Sub Cluster conducted field followup visits to a Women and Girls Safe Space and a centre for people with disabilities to monitor and evaluate the practical application of the case management procedures and the Awareness-Raising Toolkit that has been provided during a previous training to the field workers working for the GBV Sub Cluster partners in NW Syria

CP Sub-Cluster: This reporting period has been characterized by persistence of child protection concerns in North West, aggravated by COVID19 pandemic and its global crisis. Despite limitations in an increasingly restrictive operational environment, child protection partners delivered, while incorporating where possible COVID prevention messages and messages on childcare in times of isolation and unpredictability. Therefore, partners have continued providing child protection case management services, parenting programmes, PSS group activities and child protection recreational activities, in addition to child protection- related training, through online platforms.

CCCM Cluster: CCCM monitored the provision of lifesaving multisectoral response for 1.4 million IDPs in August 2021. This month, approximately 116 thousand IDPs were reached with CCCM activities, ranging from camp management and capacity building activities to community mobilization, site assessment and risk mitigation, site management support, as well as fire awareness, prevention and response.

Health Cluster: Health cluster reached 1,060,515 outpatient Sub-districts Reached consultations; 23,680 people with referrals; supported 14,919 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 12,608 people with mental health consultations in August 2021.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
16 Nov 2021
Map/Infographic Type: 
Activities
Location(s): 
Syrian Arab Republic
Theme(s): 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Gaziantep
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021