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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Oct 2019 [EN/AR]


During the month of October, Conflict in northwest Syria significantly decreased after the Russian Federation’s (RF) announcement of a unilateral ceasefire by the Government of Syria forces on 31 August.  During the reporting period, despite the ceasefire announcement, GoS forces shelling impacted communities near the frontline areas in southern Idlib governorate. There has been a slight increase in airstrikes compared to the previous period in September, but the rate of the attacks is not an indicative of a ground offensive. The GoS shelling and airstrikes remained focused on geographical areas in Kafr Nobol, Heish and Ma’arrat An- Nu’man and Kansaba sub-districts southwest of the M5. Barrel bombs were observed in Kabani in northeast Lattakia which is assessed to be targeting NSAGs command centers.  
In the second half of the month the level of hostilities increased in southern Idlib and Jisr-Esh-Shugur area. There has been a slight increase in airstrikes compared to the previous period in September, but the rate of the attacks is not an indicative of a ground offensive. The GoS shelling and airstrikes remained focused on geographical areas in Kafr Nobol, Heish and Ma’arrat An- Nu’man and Kansaba sub-districts southwest of the M5 and on Kabani in northeast Lattakia. Most of the airstrikes concentrated in Kafr Nobol subdistrict, including Hazarin, Maar Tahroma, Sheikh Mustafa, Kafr Nobol, and others in Jisr-Ash-Shugur, Jisr-Ash-Shugur sub-district. Civilian casualties were reported as a result of the airstrikes hitting many residential areas. Between 25-17 October, shelling reportedly affected 34 villages including Kafr Nobol, Maar Tahroma, Janudiyeh and Badama in Idleb governorate; seven villages in Hama governorate; and two villages in Aleppo governorate. Over the same time period, local sources reported that airstrikes affected Kabani in Lattakia governorate, and seven villages including Maar Tahroma and Kafr Nobol in Idleb governorate. Three women were reportedly killed in Badama and one child in Janudiyeh in Idleb Governorate due to shelling. Seven civilians were reportedly killed and 17 were injured in shelling on an open market place in Jisr-Esh-Shugur city in Idleb Governorate.


People reached numbers reported are for October-2019 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January - October 2019),  Early Recovery partners reached 984,302 direct beneficiaries in 68 subdistricts and 238 communities.  In particular, 819,143 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 37,587 from short-term work opportunities created, and 30,702 from removal of debris and waste.   The remaing ER activities mainly focused on the entrepreneurial activities for 30,593 direct beneficiaries,  vocational and skills training activities from which 26,564 directly benefitted, on basic housing repair support for 9,085, on market-based modalities assistance to vulnerable HHs to the benefit of 8,388 people and on the rehabilitation of other social infrastructure for 6,315 people.

FSL Cluster: In October 2019, a total of 1,195,471 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 87,522 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 56,974 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 754,017 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.
FSL Cluster reached from January to October 395,337 beneficiaries with agriculture and livelihoods.
Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenances/ cleanings of communal sewages, constructions or rehabilitations of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance provided at the community, camps, collective center and schools level.

Nutrition cluster supported and provided IYCF-E messages by outreach workers, BMS supports and re-lactation supports for 0-6 month year old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient SAM treatments, MAM treatments, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women’s receive vitamin A; PLWs reached with MAM treatments, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV SC provided case management and PSS to GBV survivors, organized psychosocial recreational and skills building activities for women and girls accessing safe spaces and continued investing in the capacity building of GBV organizations to enhance the quality of services. For this month, the GBV SC kicked off its Capacity Building Taskforce (CBTF) and continued the rollout of the GBV Awareness Raising Toolkit

CCCM cluster tracked 158,763 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 527,867 IDPs in October 2019.

Health cluster reached in October 2019 to 875,445 outpatient consultations; 9,063 people with referrals; supported 13,979 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 4,680 people with mental health consultations.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
31 Oct 2019
Map/Infographic Type: 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021