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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Sep 2019 [EN/AR]

Context

During the month of September, conflict in northwest Syria significantly decreased after the Russian Federation’s (RF) announcement of a unilateral ceasefire by the Government of Syria forces on 31 August. This ceasefire announcement proved to be the most durable of the three ceasefires announced since the GoS and their allies launched their military operations against non-state armed groups (NSAGs) in northwest Syria in late April 2019.  Despite the ceasefire announcement, shelling impacted communities near the frontline areas in southern Idlib governorate. At the same time, there was a significant drop in the number of aerial attacks and no new attempts of ground offensives carried out by the GoS and RF forces. The GoS shelling and singular airstrikes remained focused on geographical areas in Kafr Nobol, Heish and Ma’arrat An- Nu’man sub-districts southwest of the M5, which are considered as potential areas where GoS forces could advance. Fighting and tentative shelling exchanged between GoS and NSAGs continued near the frontline areas in southern Idlib governorate. The scale of the military operations has significantly decreased compared to the previous months. During the month, local sources reported that artillery shelling affected communities in southern Idlib governorate. 
During the month, local sources reported that renewed demonstrations, albeit at a smaller scale, took place in Idleb governorate  as well as in western and northern Aleppo governorate. The protestors in Idleb city, Kafr Takharim, Sarmada, Atmeh camps, Killy, Ariha, Atareb, A’zaz, Afrin, Al Bab, Ghandourah and Jarablus protested the Government of Syria and Russia for their military actions. In Kafr Takharim and Killy, the protesters also called on the HTS to stop taking fees for services and to dissolve themselves.

SECTOR ACTIVITIES

People reached numbers reported are for September-2019 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January - September 2019),  Early Recovery partners reached 949,374 direct beneficiaries in 67 subdistricts and 236 communities.   In particular, 789,868 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 36,296 from short-term work opportunities created, and 30,702 from removal of debris and waste.    The remaing ER activities mainly focused on the entrepreneurial activities for 29,233 direct beneficiaries,  vocational and skills training activities from which 24,646 directly benefitted, on basic housing repair support for 9,085, on market-based modalities assistance to vulnerable HHs to the benefit of 8,388 people and on the rehabilitation of other social infrastructure for 6,315 people.

FSL Cluster: In September 2019, a total of 1,287,054 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 346,212 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 9,524 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 481,960 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.
FSL Cluster reached from January to September 364,879 beneficiaries with agriculture and livelihoods.
 
Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenances/ cleanings of communal sewages, constructions or rehabilitations of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance provided at the community, camps, collective center and schools level.

Nutrition cluster supported and provided IYCF-E messages by outreach workers, BMS supports and re-lactation supports for 0-6 month year old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient SAM treatments, MAM treatments, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women’s receive vitamin A; PLWs reached with MAM treatments, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV SC provided case management and PSS to GBV survivors, organized psychosocial recreational and skills building activities for women and girls accessing safe spaces and continued investing in the capacity building of GBV organizations to enhance the quality of services. For this month, the GBV SC kicked off its Capacity Building Taskforce (CBTF) and continued the rollout of the GBV Awareness Raising Toolkit

CCCM cluster tracked 169,940 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 509,067 IDPs in September 2019.

Health cluster reached in September 2019 to 894,044 outpatient consultations; 9,125 people with referrals; supported 16,327 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 5,651 people with mental health consultations.

 
Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
30 Sep 2019
Map/Infographic Type: 
Activities
Theme(s): 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Gaziantep
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2020