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Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Aug 2019 [EN/AR]

Context

During the month of August, escalation in hostilities continued in the southwestern part of the Idlib de-escalation zone. GoS forces continued shelling areas controlled by the opposition NSAGs with artillery, mortars and airstrikes reported hitting different communities in the area. On August 1, the Government of Syria announced that they have agreed to a conditional ceasefire starting at midnight. The ceasefire was contingent upon the NSAGs complying with the Sochi agreement’s provisions on the creation of a 20-kilometer de-militarized buffer zone. NSAGs such as National Liberation Front NLF and Hayat Tahrir Asham HTS issued statements welcoming the ceasefire agreement. While no airstrikes were reported 3 days after the announcement of the ceasefire, sporadic shelling was reported in different communities. The ceasefire held until late afternoon on Monday, 05 August when airstrikes hit several communities in northern Hama and southern Idlib governorates. 
After a conditional ceasefire ended on 05 August when GoS forces continued their military campaign with ground offensive focus on northern Hama areas, on 11 August, GoS ground forces took control of Hbit Town in Khan Shaykun Sub-District. On 13 August, GoS forces made more territorial gains and controlled Tal-As village, Kafr Ein, Um Zaytuna villages, and Mintar Farm, west of Khan Shaykun. On 24 August, GoS forces have established full control over Khan Shaykun Town in south Idlib and Kafr Zeita, Latmana, Latmin, Lahaya and Murak in northern Hama countryside. Meanwhile, GoS/GoR aerial attacks continued onto southern Idleb, with attacks mainly focused on towns to the east of Ma’arrat An Nu’man. On 28-29 August, ground fighting between GoS forces and NSAGs in southern Idleb governorate reportedly continued, as a result GoS forces took control over Tamanaah and some other villages in southern Idleb governorate. On 30 August, following the end of the Friday prayer, local sources reported about thousands of demonstrators started arriving to Sarmada town and the adjacent old Bab Al-Hawa square, and Atmeh area. Demonstrators demanded stopping the ongoing GoS offensive in north-west Syria. The demonstrators were able to break into BAH crossing point in the Syrian side and remain currently within its territory. In addition to the situation in Bab Al-Hawa, demonstrators gathered near the Atma crossing point and reportedly climbed over the border wall and hundreds of them made it to the buffer zone between the Syrian and Turkey borders where they are faced by the Turkish border guards. Similar demonstrations took place in Afrin city, Al Bab, Qabasin and Bazagha, calling on the international community to stop the violence and attacks on civilians.

SECTOR ACTIVITIES

People reached numbers reported are for August-2019 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster:Since the beginning of the year (January - August 2019),  Early Recovery partners reached 785,706 direct beneficiaries in 65 subdistricts and 228 communities.  In particular, 638,023 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 32,761 fromshort-term work opportunities created, and30,672 from removal of debris and waste.   The remaing ER activities mainly focused on the entrepreneurial activities for 26,558 direct beneficiaries,  vocational and skills training activities from which 20,717 directly benefitted, on basic housing repair support for 9,085, on market-based modalities assistance to vulnerable HHs to the benefit of 8,083 people and on the rehabilitation of other social infrastructure for 6,315 people.

FSL Cluster: In August 2019, a total of 1,090,052 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 175,983 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 1,098,308 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 707,806 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.
FSL Cluster reached from January to August 310,887 beneficiaries with agriculture and livelihoods.
 
Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenances/ cleanings of communal sewages, constructions or rehabilitations of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance provided at the community, camps, collective center and schools level.

Nutrition cluster supported and provided IYCF-E messages by outreach workers, BMS supports and re-lactation supports for 0-6 month year old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient SAM treatments, MAM treatments, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women’s receive vitamin A; PLWs reached with MAM treatments, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV SC provided case management and PSS to GBV survivors, organized psychosocial recreational and skills building activities for women and girls accessing safe spaces and continued investing in the capacity building of GBV organizations to enhance the quality of services. For this month, the GBV SC kicked off its Capacity Building Taskforce (CBTF) and continued the rollout of the GBV Awareness Raising Toolkit

CCCM cluster tracked 185,412 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 423,021 IDPs in August 2019.

Health cluster reached inِ August 2019 to 773,767 outpatient consultations; 10,106 people with referrals; supported 12,398 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 4,190 people with mental health consultations.

 
Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
31 Aug 2019
Map/Infographic Type: 
Activities
Theme(s): 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s): 
Gaziantep
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2020