Humanitarianresponse Logo

Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Jul 2019 [EN/AR]


During the month of July 2019, the conflict in northwest Syria is exacting a heavy toll on civilians as the hostilities in the Idleb de-escalation zone between the Government of Syria (GoS) and allied forces and non-state armed groups (NSAGs) continue. Heightened levels of violence continued unabated for two months, displacing hundreds of thousands of people, disrupting the provision of basic services, and killing and injuring large numbers of civilians. The humanitarian impact of airstrikes and shelling on civilians, particularly those reported taking place in densely-populated areas, continue to compound an already dire humanitarian situation. Local sources are reporting that hundreds of civilians, including women and children, have been killed due to airstrikes and shelling and many others have been injured. Civilian infrastructure, including schools, hospitals and IDP settlements, are being damaged or rendered inoperable across northern Hama and southern Idleb governorates. This has led to the interruption or discontinuation of vital services to affected populations in these locations. It was noted during the reporting period that GoS airstrikes hit civilian infrastructure such as hospitals and water stations in both Ma’arrat An Nu’man and Jisr-Ash-Shugur. It was noted during the reporting period that GoS airstrikes hit heavily populated areas such as Ma’arrat An Nu’man, Ariha, Saraqab, Khan Shykhun, Kafr Zeita and Jisr Ashugur which caused deaths and injuries to hundreds of civilians. Between 26 – 31 July, GoS ground forces supported by airstrikes managed to control Tal Milh, Jbine, Abu Raida and Hasraya villages west of Latmana and Kafr Zeita in north Hama countryside. This is the biggest ground gains for the GoS forces during the month of July.  During the month of July, the humanitarian community tracked displacement of 110,796 individuals displaced to locations in Idleb governorate with 103,906 being displaced within Idleb governorate and 6,678 individuals being displaced from Hama governorate. 


People reached numbers reported are for July-2019 only.

Education cluster provided children and adolescents with regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), textbooks, life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychological support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, develop & strengthen M&E capacities of education actors, early childhood education (ECE) / early childhood development (ECD) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster:Since the beginning of the year (January - July 2019),  Early Recovery partners reached 598,354 direct beneficiaries in 65 subdistricts and 226 communities. In particular, 471,393 directly benefitted from the rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 30,672 from removal of debris and waste, and 29,771 from short-term work opportunities created. The remaing ER activities mainly focused on vocational and skills training activities for 17,422 direct beneficiaries,  on the entrepreneurial activities, from which 16,306 directly benefitted, on market-based modalities assistance to vulnerable HHs to the benefit of 7,778 people, on the rehabilitation of other social infrastructure for 6,315 people, and on the support to basic housing repair support for 5,640.

FSL Cluster In July 2019, a total of 1,083,862 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 279,908 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one off food basket); 285,806 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 727,833 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.
FSL Cluster reached from January to July 267,854 beneficiaries with agriculture and livelihoods
Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenances/ cleanings of communal sewages, constructions or rehabilitations of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance provided at the community, camps, collective center and schools level.

Nutrition cluster supported and provided IYCF-E messages by outreach workers, BMS supports and re-lactation supports for 0-6 month year old infants; children lipid-based nutrient supplements, complementary foods, inpatient SAM treatments, MAM treatments, vitamin A, malnutrition screenings, multiple micronutrients; health staff trained on IYCF and CMAM guidelines; lactating women’s receive vitamin A; PLWs reached with MAM treatments, counselled on appropriate IYCF, screened for malnutrition, supplemented with multiple micronutrients, received food assistance and non-food items; psychosocial counselling sessions for caregivers with children less than 2 years old.

Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV SC provided case management and PSS to GBV survivors, organized psychosocial recreational and skills building activities for women and girls accessing safe spaces and continued investing in the capacity building of GBV organizations to enhance the quality of services. For this month, the GBV SC kicked off its Capacity Building Taskforce (CBTF) and continued the rollout of the GBV Awareness Raising Toolkit

CCCM cluster tracked 200,375 IDPs and has coordinated the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response to 515,832 IDPs in July 2019.

Health cluster reached in July 2019 to 806,204 outpatient consultations; 11,914 people with referrals, and supported 9,293 people with physical rehabilitation sessions.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
31 Jul 2019
Map/Infographic Type: 
Information Management
Coordination hub(s):