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Protection Monitoring Quarterly Report (July-September 2018)

Protection Monitoring Quarterly Report (July-September 2018)


The findings of protection monitoring between July-September 2018 demonstrates that communities in northwest Syria continue to experience numerous protection risks and challenges.

The lack of civil documentation continues to affect communities’ freedom of movement, access to humanitarian assistance, employment, and basic services.

Due to ongoing repeated displacements, IDPs especially in northwest Syria experience challenges in adapting to life in new locations, affecting social cohesion negatively.

Access to basic services such as education, health, water, electricity, and humanitarian assistance shows variance based on locations. While access to these services are safe and sufficient in some communities, other communities continue to experiences irregular, insufficient and unsafe access, which heightens protection risks. Access to employment and markets continue to be problematic due to lack of opportunities and freedom of movement restrictions caused by security concerns. Housing, Land and Property (HLP) related disputes remain prevalent in communities. The increase in undocumented or unofficial HLP transactions will present growing challenges in the future.

Children continue to experience heightened risks, particularly in regards to lack of access to education, child labor, early marriage, separation and exploitation. Due to lack of adult support, supervision and positive adult role models in their lives, children are at increasingly high risk of exploitation and abuse, including affiliation with armed groups and substance abuse.

Communities continue to experience restrictions to freedom of movement due to security concerns. Often, these restrictions are self-imposed by community members to prevent or mitigate harm. The inability to move freely has many negative consequences, such as challenges to obtaining documentation, or in accessing employment, education, markets and health care. This restrictions exacerbates the protection risks that communities already experience.

Explosive hazards are an increasing concern in many communities. Both urban and rural areas are contaminated with explosive hazards. Without the support of trained actors to clear contaminated areas, many community members attempt clearance themselves, often resulting in explosions that cause serious injury and death. Contamination of agricultural lands with explosive hazards is a major barrier to accessing livelihood for families with land.

Availability and access to services for persons with specific needs and disabilities continues to be severely insufficient, especially considering their growing numbers due to continued conflict conditions.

Due to the above mentioned risks and challenges, community members continue to use harmful coping mechanisms in an attempt to minimize and mitigate these risks, such as early marriage, dropping out of school to work and restricting movement. Communities remain highly dependent upon humanitarian assistance for survival. Communities also utilize positive coping mechanisms such as accessing community services and relying on community support.


In consideration of these findings, the Protection Monitoring Task Force makes the following recommendations to the humanitarian community. In implementing these recommendations, humanitarian actors are reminded to ensure and prioritize the security and safety of their staff and the communities they serve in every activity, and to formulate flexible and integrated programming and response. The Protection Monitoring Task Force recognizes that the unpredictability and volatility of the security situation, as well as other contextual factors, necessitate brave, creative, and innovative problem solving.

  • Ensure that lack of civil status documentation (CSD) does not become a barrier to accessing basic services and humanitarian assistance. 
  • Improve access to clean and affordable water. 
  • Improve access to affordable quality health services. 
  • Support programming and approaches that strengthen community networks in order to reduce dependency on humanitarian assistance. 
  • Continue psychosocial support (PSS) and child-friendly activities, prioritizing remote, harder-to-reach communities that have never had access to these services. 
  • Mitigate factors that prevent school attendance. 
  • Mitigate threat of explosive hazards through risk education, particularly for under-18 age groups, and advocate for surveying, demarcation and explosive hazard-clearing activities, with a focus on residential areas and agricultural lands.
  • Improve access to specialized services for persons with disabilities (PWDs). 
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Original Publication Date: 
09 Apr 2019
Document type: 
Syrian Arab Republic
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2019