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Disability-inclusive project design – incorporating inclusion in all phases of projects

Definition of barriers

Barriers are factors in a person’s environment that hamper participation and create disability. For persons with disabilities, they limit access to and inclusion in society. Barriers may be attitudinal, environmental or institutional.

·Attitudinal barriers: ‘Dirty looks when using my assistive device so I don’t use it’, looks of pity, feeling of shame in the family, not using WASH facilities from fear of abuse and bullying; harassment, assault, exploitation, sexual abuse
·Environmental barriers: mountainous areas, inaccessible WASH facilities so using diapers instead (health implications), unable to leave the home, unable to access food, stairs
·Institutional barriers: Loss of confidence, futility, unable to access the services, staff discriminate and ignore

Barriers lead to exclusion, making it likely that persons with disabilities will face more or worse threats and vulnerabilities than others affected by a crisis.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Protection - Turkey Cross Border
Original Publication Date: 
15 Sep 2020
Document type: 
Coordination hub(s): 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2020