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Protection Monitoring Report: Idleb and Aleppo Displacement, May 2019


Due to intensified conflict activity in Hama and southern Idleb governorates, over 300,000 individual displacements took place in northern Idleb and Aleppo governorates between May and mid-June 2019 (CCCM Northern Hama & Southern Idleb Displacement Report 1 May – 13 June 2019). The majority of the displacement is to already densely populated areas, putting immense strain on humanitarian service delivery. This report covers civilians’ departures from districts of Aleppo, Hama, and Idleb governorate and the protection risks they faced during and post-displacement.


This update is based on findings from 203 Key Informant (KI) surveys conducted by nine members of the Protection Cluster, between 23 and 28 May 2019. Participant KIs were IDPs now residing in 92 communities in thirty-five sub-districts, in ten districts: Afrin, Al Bab, A’zaz, and Jebel Saman districts in Aleppo governorate, Muhradah district of Hama governorate, and Al Ma’ra, Ariha, Harim, Idleb and Jisr-Ash-Shugur districts in Idleb governorate. Almost all interviews were conducted in Idleb (58%) and Aleppo (41%) governorates. Most interviews were conducted in of Harim (27%) and Idleb (22%) districts of Idleb governorate and Afrin (20%) district of Aleppo governorate. 24% (47) of the surveys resulted in a referral to the following sectors (one interview can result in referrals to multiple sectors): Health (77%), Psychosocial Support (PSS) (45%), Shelter (23%), Non-Food Items (NFIs) (21%), Child Protection (19%), Food (15%), Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) (15%), GBV services (15%), Legal Aid (11%), Other (2%).
The respondents were 51% female and 49% male. The most commonly mentioned occupation for women was housewife, and for men were (daily wage) worker, teacher, and skilled laborer.

Key findings: 

• Recently arrived IDPs in Idleb and Aleppo governorates fled their places of origin with family members, including children, due to airstrikes and severe shelling. They encountered many risks during the journey, primarily shelling or clashes, lack of transportation, explosive hazards, and loss of civil status documentation (CSD). The desire for physical safety and for proximity to friends and family were the primary factors influencing their decision to come to their current locations. Community members who remained behind often did so in order to keep their house or property, due to emotional ties to the land, or due to fear of displacement.
• IDPs are experiencing high needs for all basic needs and services, including food, shelter, NFI, WASH, education, health, and employment. As many families fled on short notice and were ill-prepared for the financial and physical demands of displacement, they are struggling to cope with their new circumstances, resulting in increased protection risks towards vulnerable members of the community, particularly boys and girls. Women and girls were also noted to be at greater risk of harm and exploitation during flight.
• 60% of respondents stated that they do not intend to move again; they note that factors such as safety, access to basic needs and humanitarian assistance, and livelihoods influence their decision.

Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
23 May 2019 to 28 May 2019
Report completed
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
Host communities
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Protection - Turkey Cross Border
Participating Organization(s): 
Protection - Turkey Cross Border
Syrian Arab Republic
Internally Displaced People (IDPs)
Syria: Crisis 2011-2021