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Afrin Rapid Needs Assessment (RNA) Final Report - May 2018

Methodology: 
Following the decision to conduct a multi-sectoral rapid needs assessment, cluster coordinators contributed towards a joint assessment questionnaire. This questionnaire mainstreamed early recovery and included questions on sex, age, and disability data. Using the standard methodology for a rapid needs assessment, it employed a non-representative geographic sample selection and the use of key informant interviews. Using this methodology provides for a quick overview of the humanitarian situation but at the same time has limitations. As key informants were used, the responses were based on that individual’s expertise ultimately his/her perception of the facts on the ground. Further, this was not a representative sampling methodology; therefore, the results cannot be extrapolated or generalized to the entire population. Data collection was achieved through interviews with either generalist key informants (KIs) and/ or specialized key informants (based on clusters’ recommendations of preferred KIs/generalist KIs). The rapid needs assessment covered 180 communities from seven sub-districts of Afrin district. One questionnaire was filled for each community based on the information provided by an average of four key informants. A total of 788 interviews were conducted in 180 communities out of which 79 (10%) were female and 708 were males.
Key findings: 
The results of the rapid needs assessment highlighted a number of concerns in terms of the humanitarian situation across a range of sectors - food security and livelihood, WASH, health, nutrition, education, shelter and NFIs. Some critical areas requiring a priority response include: • Provision of basic services as well as the operations of markets and public institutions have been affected by displacement rendering the district without critical personnel to provide such services. • Limited health care options for patients with tuberculosis and leishmaniasis and no health facilities nor services for mental health and physical rehabilitation; • Few public health facilities in Afrin, Jandaris and Raju cities remain operational, and are supported by Syrian NGOs but lack sustainable funding; • Food is either unavailable or local markets are inaccessible, except for Afrin town where bread is available in adequate amounts. Prices of basic food commodities have significantly increased; • High NFI needs are reported in four out of seven sub-districts; • More than half of the electricity networks are completely damaged; • Markets and commercial centers are either completely or partially damaged; • 4 out of 7 sub-districts report no functioning schools. • Damaged infrastructure (roads, water supply systems and electricity networks) and disrupted services (public transportation and solid waste-management) are limiting economic recovery and livelihood opportunities.
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
03 May 2018 to 08 May 2018
Status: 
Report completed
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Location(s): 
Afrin
Other location: 
A total of 180 communities (out of 220) were assessed in Afrin district between 3 – 8 May 2018.
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Syria: Crisis 2011-2019