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Tonj North IRNA

  • To establish accurate information about displaced population
  • To assess the damages and impact inflicted by conflict
  • To assess market capacity and coping mechanism
  • To identify and ascertain the immediate and urgent needs of the IDPs in Awul, Rualbet and Kirik
  • The clusters representatives upon arrival to the sites conducted meetings, with the County Executive Director, administrators, community leaders and RRC to get first -hand information on how the conflict started, what is the total number of affected population and the consequences of the attack. The team conducted Focal Group Discussions (FGDs) and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs), household interview using IRNA tool. The team also spoke to random people, observation and transect walk was also used as the team traversed the identified locations to document any observed changes pertaining to the conflict.
Key findings: 

Food Security & Livelihood:

The displaced community decreased consumption of the food due to the food stock is not enough and there is no money to buy food.
The Main food that the population is currently relying on is the sorghum and groundnuts and sometimes collect wild leaves and pumpkin leaves to balance their diet
They stated that some received food from WFP last month before the conflict erupted. It is worth noting that WFP through its cooperating Partner (WVI) is supporting 22,512 people who have been targeted under GFD and FFA in the three Payams (9,942 beneficiaries in Awuul, 7,255 in Kirik and 5,315 in Rualbet)
Food stock they have at the moment it cannot even last them a week and that when the food becomes little for all of family members, they can restrict consumption by the adults and leave for the small children to eat or they can keep relying on the community and friends for as long as they are willing to help.
The affected population has not yet settled and as such, they don’t have any access to food commodities; they only rely on the help of the host community.
The livelihood sources of the affected population was disrupted due to the conflict in the areas, as they are in IDP centres currently their livelihood sources are Agriculture and remittance as they have accesses to their farms only that some houses are burned
Planting season was affected by the conflict erupted in April between two communities which resulting to decrease in the land cultivated this season and the current conflict between five communities destroyed everything, houses, and farms
All the farms are left behind most of the crop covered by the weed’s special groundnuts, sesame,
In Awul Payam Some of fruits trees like mango were cut down by the attackers
Due hunger people are starting harvest of crop when it is not ready such as sesame, groundnuts, Maize, which will affect the livelihood of the most people and IDPs if they are not assisted.


Malaria ;almost all people are sick of Malaria
Poor hygiene has some acute watery diarrhea and skin diseases are coming up
Fear of Covid-19 infections because of no social distancing


Among the displaced majority of the vulnerable population are children and mothers who are acutely malnourished. For example; out of 50 children fewer than five screened 14 were moderately malnourished and 26 mothers acutely malnourished out of a 100 population.

Loss of follow-up for the beneficiaries in the programme due to conflict, most was displaced to far locations from their sites.
Poor hygiene and sanitation observed among the IDPs and host community due over stretched existing water points and sanitary equipment.
Lack of awareness on COVID-19 preventive measures.
Inadequate dietary intake due to lack of food hence increasing the risk of malnutrition.

Emergency Shelter and NFIs:

  • The affected people need cooking set, plastic sheet, blankets, mosquito-nets and rubber ropes


  • Most of the IDPs were Children, women and elderly people
  • There were no reported sexual/rape violence during the conflict and among displaced persons.
  • Women were physiologically abused and weaken capacity to cope up with new environment. Women/girls travel long distance to visit and work on their family farmers in deserted areas where there are reported conflicting community armed youth maneuvering over therefore there are risks of women and girls facing GBV. Children traveling with their parents/guardians are likely to be at risk also.
  • There were reported armed robbery of women and girls with food items they collected from their deserted homes when they are returning to their displacement bases.
  • The women are likely to face some form of abuse on their ways visiting former homes
  • IDPs are residing at school compound, without blankets and mosquito nets they are vulnerable due to; cold weather, rain, wind and mosquitos bite.
  • In Awul centre and Achol-Ahokou which are hosting huge number of displaced persons. Women/girls can be seen mixed up with youth/men in tide/smell spaces throughout the day and also during night hours. This pose threats of GBV, rape and even unwanted pregnancies
  • People are still fearing to move back to their houses particularly men
  • Also, there are no services providers both child protection and GBV to respond to conflict affected persons.
  • There are no protection activities around Tonj North county meanwhile protection agencies such as TOCH and WVI are present on the ground.
  • There is no service mapping and coordination mechanisms available or conducted within the county of Tonj north
  • Children, women, widows, orphans and elderly can be seen depressed, traumatized and psychologically unwell.
  • There were no reported cases of missing children, children or women being killed before and during the assessment period.
  • People with disability were left behind during displaced by their love ones. There are reported of these people being tortured, bully and psychological hurts during the conflict. Many displaced persons and people with disability have reported these incidents
  • Average of the farms cultivated is 2-10 Fadden per households and the main crop cultivated are sorghum, groundnuts, sesame and maize.


  • Only three latrines where open by school authority while others where lock and bathroom were also open and there were faeces /stools on the side of latrines. So, hygiene situation is really very poor. In Awul primary school which is hosting huge number of displaced persons
  • There were six boreholes which are broken while there is no time for repaired due to the erupted conflict
  • No water containers for collecting water from the tape and no washing buckets. This means the hygiene of the displaced persons is absolutely poor hence disease outbreak especially among children and elderly
  • There were reported cases of burning and destroying spare parts of boreholes rehabilitation in Awul payam Agany village by conflicting communities.
  • No soaps for washing clothes, utensil, drinking materials.
  • Overcrowding places let to no awareness on COVID-19.
  • Within the area of the assessment was conducted, few institutional latrines were observed near the urban centers. Nevertheless, majority of the people of Awul IDPS are practicing open defecation and poor sanitation around water points in all the areas assessed remains a concern.
  • Cultural issues regarding the use of latrines have made the situation worse, with rampant open defecation observed.
  • Hand washing at critical times is only done before eating with no soap. Though some of the communities have knowledge of hygiene but they do not practice, mainly due to culture and community attitudes towards hygiene.
  • The affected communities have no access to WASH NFIs as they lost all their house hold items during the conflict where houses were burnt, Soap and other basic WASH NFIs for hygiene are available only
  • In Awul markets but expensive that most of the communities cannot afford to buy, especially the communities that were recently displaced due to the communal conflict.
  • With the inadequate water in the assess villages it became difficult to practice frequent hand washing in prevention from the spread of COVID-19. Women manage their menstruation period locally using piece of cloth. The general hygiene of the community is at risk of many waters borne diseases.


  • Agany primary structure windows were damaged during recent conflict
  • All school children and teachers are currently displaced by this conflict
  • During assessment, the cluster found out that, most of schools are temporary schools that are lack WASH facilities, permanent building or structures and most of teaching staffs in this schools are volunteers who are untrained.
  • Majority of those schools were depopulated even before the Corona virus and communal conflict.
  • Cluster also observe that there will be high risk of gender based violence cases, early force marriage, prostitutions and streets lives as well as COVID-19 high risk transmission if IDPs still stationed in this area (Kuajok National Secondary School).
  • However, these internal displaced persons are willing to go back to their respective homes if the situation is normal.
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Available on Request
Assessment Data: 
Available on Request
Assessment Date(s): 
11 Aug 2020 to 14 Aug 2020
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
Displaced population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Participating Organization(s): 
Adventist Development and Relief Agency
Canadian International Development Agency
Care for Children & Old Age
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Norwegian Refugee Council
Universal Network for Knowledge and Empowerment Agency
Women Vision (South Sudan)
Tonj North
Other location: 
Awul, Rualbet, Kirik