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Besides analyzing progresses, this reflection aimed to consolidate AVSI’s internal FSL M/E framework in a participatory and empirical way.The most tangible outputs of this sort of rapid internal evaluation are the following:

  • The formulation of the impact evaluation questionnaire, and related indicators, that best capture the advances, the expected progress, and the challenges highlighted by FSL staff and beneficiaries – questionnaire that will be used to measure the overall impact of AVSI’s support to agricultural farming in 2020, starting with a survey of all FGs in February of 2020;
  • The sketch of AVSI’s actual model of implementation that is emerging from the combination of the 3 FSL projects conducted by AVSI in the area (along with the relative working hypothesis on what is working, what needs to be strengthened, and why);
  • The identification of lessons learend, in relation to both the design and implementation of activities enhancing agriculture farming in the South Sudanese context.

This document is the result of a 2-day of action-reflection workshop with AVSI FSL staff (7 males, 2 females) working across Torit and Ikwoto county, and of 3 days of field interviews with 4 Farmer Groups (FGs) in Ikwoto county and 2 FGs in Torit county (4 male FG leaders, 1 female FG leader, and 1 female FG member). It was conducted at the end of the harvest season (November 2019), after more than one year of continuous support in the context of 3 resilience-oriented projects (2 AICS-funded, 1 FAO/EU-funded). It is based on a triangulation of reflections, interviews and direct observation. In its appendix, based on a rapid survey conducted in April 2019, it includes the review of the caracteristics of the farmer groups targeted in Ikwoto county.

Key findings: 

In addiiton to improved FGs’ prductivity and volumes of production, other essential, less expected changes are also taking place, of which stand out:

  • Crucial and immediate results such as the improved access to land, whereby FG members cultivate closer to their homes, which translate into improved protection for female farmers and their children;
  • Fondamental and long-term transformations such as the shift toward the demand for more sophisticated and productive support, in a partnership spirit, as opposed to basic one-shot assistance;
  • A variety of multiplication effects such as the replication of newly acquired farming techniques in individual gardens, the spreading of vegetable farming among the communities, the replication of bull training, and the sharing of knowledge and provision of services to other farmers by the leading FGs.


AVSI is obtaining these results following an ambitious model of intervention that targets the most established farmers as much as the most vulnerable ones, in a synergic manner. The development of the most established farmers groups, in fact, is encouraged in a way that supports also the growth of the farmer groups composed by smallholders. As an example, the most advanced farmers are strongly encouraged to provide ox-ploughing services to smallholder farmers. With this model AVSI intends to obtain within a relatively short period time tangible results on both fronts: the strengthening of the market orientation of the most advanced farmer groups, and improvement of the food security conditions of the most vulnerable farmers.

Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Bruno Nazim Baroni
+211 923 809 070 (Mobile)
Assessment Date(s): 
12 Nov 2019 to 19 Nov 2019
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
AVSI Foundation