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Kapoeta region Multi-Sector Survey Presentation


To provide a comprehensive outlook of livelihood, food security, nutrition, protection, educational, and medical needs of the population of the three counties of Kapoeta Region. In particular, the following sector are reviewed: 1) Demographics, occupation; 2) Livelihood, use of cash, assets and asset depletion, expenditures, access to market; 3) Food security; 4) People displacement (IDP and outflows); 5) Education; 6) Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH); 7) Health; 8) Safety and Protection


The questionnaire was developed on the base of the Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring System (FSNMS) survey, with the addition of questions originating from the UNICEF Multi Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), the Consortium for Improving Agriculture-based Livelihoods in Central Africa (CIALCA) Baseline Survey, the Secure Livelihood Research Consortium (SLRC) Survey, and the (RGAP) Smallholder Household Survey, and customized for the region.

Due to the vast size of Kapoeta East and the inaccessibility of the northern section of Kapoeta north, payams, and among them villages, were purposely selected based on livelihood strategies. A total of 30 villages were surveyed. 332 HHs were selected based on the “improved random walk” methodology.

Beside the use of the purpose sampling, it is important to remember that the communities surveyed in this study are semi-nomads: the data gathered, at the end of October, should be regarded as a reference for the rainy season only.

Key findings: 

DEMOGRAPHIC: on average men have of 3 to 4 wives, each giving birth to 7 children, 2 of which have died
OCCUPATION: although 12-to-17 years adolescents’ occupations are similar to that of their parents, their activity take place mostly in or around their villages, and occupies them only part of their days
LIVELIHOOD: Subsistence agriculture (with home-made tools and largely for self-consumption) is the main form of livelihood; cattle are herd mostly for status/marriage/celebration purposes, although represent saving to be used in time of need
INCOME: 20% of HHs has seen its income decrease, mostly due to drought and loss of cattle
ASSET DEPLATION: almost 80% of HHs has sold more cattle this year compared to the last year
ACCESS TO MARKET: it is relatively good, with the noticeable exception of Far Kapoeta East
FOOD SECURITY: 20% of HHs experience severe hunger (emergency level), 25% in Far Kapoeta North and South
DISPLACEMENT: while IDP inflow is negligible, around 15% of HHs have lost (migrated) some of their members in the last years (33% in Far Kapoeta North) mostly due to hunger
EDUCATION: enrolment among children aged 6 to 19 years is 20% (25% for males, 14% for females), ranging from 40% for Kapoeta Town to 0% in other areas; only 13% was enrolled this and last year.
WASH: open-air defecation is practiced by 98%; around 50% of boreholes are malfunctioning
HEALTH: fever affects almost 1/3 of U5, and access to medical facilities is very low in Far Kapoeta East and North. In these latter two communities, as well as Mogus, Maternal care is also very deficient
SAFETY & PROTECTION: although most HHs feel safe, threat to women and children is significant, especially in Urban Kapoeta North (Riwoto). Women in menopause are arguably the most vulnerable group

Sample size: 
308 HHs
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
13 Oct 2017 to 22 Oct 2017
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Collection Method(s): 
Structured Interview
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
AVSI Foundation
Participating Organization(s): 
Plan International
Kapoeta East
Kapoeta North
Kapoeta South
Food/Nutrition Crisis
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